DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA ● JOURNALISM OF COURAGE WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 2019, LUCKNOW, LATE CITY, 18 PAGES `5.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 NSSO JOB REPORT NOT YET MADE PUBLIC wishes its readers A Happy Holi. We are closed today and tomorrow. There will be no edition of the paper on Thursday, March 21, 2019 and Friday, March 22, 2019. National male workforce shrinking, says labour report that Govt buried 2017-18 data shows 28.6 cr employed males, down from 30.4 cr in 2011-12 JAY MAZOOMDAAR NEW DELHI, MARCH 19 FOR THE first time since 199394,the actual size of India’s male workforce, or men who are working, has shrunk. Data from theNSSO’sPeriodicLabourForce Survey2017-18,reviewedbyThe Indian Express, account for 28.6 crore employed male in the country. This is the first instance of a drop in the male workforce Rang Barse Row over BJP MLA’s remarks on Mayawati ASAD REHMAN LUCKNOW, MARCH 19 BJP MLA Surendra Singh Tuesday sparked a controversy Tuesday after he made derogatory remarks relating to the appearanceof BahujanSamajParty (BSP) chief Mayawati. Singh made the remarks whilespeakingtomediapersons in Lucknow Singh later told The Indian Express, “Rajneeti mein... Yehyuddhchalrahahai.Bolichalti hai... Toh boli ka jawaab boli se diya ja raha hai. Aur koi baat nahi hai (In politics...This is a war of words and we will answer back. That’s all).” Asked whether his remark wasagainstwomen,hesaid,“If a woman can be in the race to becomePMandCM,willwenotretaliate with words?” he said. On whether he would apologise, the MLA said, “Isme maafi CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY that steadily swelled from 21.9 crore in 1993-94 to 30.4 crore in 2011-12whenthelastNSSOsurvey was conducted. This suggestsfewermenwereemployed in 2017-18 compared with five years ago. Thedeclineinactualnumbers occurred, again for the first time since 1993-94, in both rural and urbanmaleworkforce(seeTable1). The slide is steeper — 6.4% — in the rural areas compared to a 4.7% setback observed in the ur- MALE WORKFORCE: URBAN SLIDE STEEPER URBAN RURAL 2017-18 84.92 201.10 TOTAL 286 2011-12 89.15 214.88 304 2004-05 70.79 201.58 272 1999-00 62.21 187.30 250 1993-94 57.44 161.58 219 Source: NSSO data; All figures in million ban sector. The yet -to-be-releasedPLFSreportputtheunemploymentratesformaleinurban andruralsegmentsat7.1percent and 5.8 per cent, respectively. Experts, who did not wish to be named, said the data requires CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP’s Chhattisgarh plan: No tickets for MPs, those who lost state polls LIZ MATHEW & DIPANKAR GHOSE NEW DELHI, RAIPUR MARCH 19 SPRINGING A surprise and signalling a shift in tactics, the BJP Tuesday said it will not field any of its sitting MPs or candidates wholostthe2018assemblyelections in Chhattisgarh for the Lok Sabha polls in the state. Those to be directly affected include seniorleader and Raipur MP Ramesh Bais and former Chief Minister Raman Singh’s son and Rajnandgaon MP Abhishek Singh. It is not clear whetherRamanSingh,whoisan MLA, will beconsidered a candidate for Lok Sabha. Whilepartysourcesindicated that this “massive pruning” will not be a template for selection of candidates in other states, the possibilityof similar“pruning”in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, where too the party lost power last year, cannot be ruled out. “In order to give a new face, new zeal to the party in Chhattisgarh, the BJP has decided not to field ten of its sitting Teen takes home Shaurya Chakra for taking on militants ADIL AKHZER SRINAGAR, MARCH 19 MPs or any of those defeated in the 2018 assembly elections,” BJP general secretary Anil Jain told The Indian Express after the party central election committee met in New Delhi. “We will have fresh faces in all11constituencies...thelistwill reflectthemandatethepartygot in the assembly elections,” said Jain who is the party in-charge for Chhattisgarh. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LESSTHANtwoyearsago,achillingsceneplayedoutatthehome of Irfan Ramzan Sheikh in south Kashmir’sShopiandistrict.Three militants barged into his home and shot his father, who was a PDP worker. Irfan, meanwhile, sprung into action along with othermembersof thefamily,and a scuffle broke out with the militants.Intheend,onemilitantlay dead and the others fled. OnTuesday,Irfan,nowaClass 10 student, was at the centre of a rare occasion at the Rashtrapati Bhavan — as the first Kashmiri teenager to receive the Shaurya Chakra, the peacetime gallantry award. Speaking to The Indian Express after the function, Irfan said:“Icametoknowonlyrecently that I have been selected for this award. Today, the President and all the others present at the function appreciated me.” The Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Twitter account declared: “President Kovind presents Shaurya Chakra to Irfan Ramzan Sheikh. He exhibited courage andmaturity andfoughtoff militants,safeguardingthelifeof his father and other family members in Jammu & Kashmir.” “Sensing that the militants could harm his family, he exhib- BY BHASKAR CHAKRAVORTI PAGE 10 PAGE 1 ANCHOR itedthehighestdegreeofcourage andfacedthemilitantsforsometime so as to avoid their entry inside the house,” the citation read. Irfan is the eldest of four siblings, and his mother is now employedwiththeJ&Kgovernment. While being rushed to hospital that day, Irfan’s father Mohammad Ramzan Sheikh, a former panch, succumbed to injuries. The scuffle in October 2017 and the death of the militant — identified as Shaukat Falahi — had a chilling fallout, too: the next day, protesters from neighbouring villages set fire to Irfan’s house in Imam Sahib Shopian, a volatile area in south Kashmir. The family has since moved out. J&K school principal dies in police President appoints chief, custody, family alleges murder eight members in Lokpal ANTI-CORRUPTION OMBUDSMAN ANANTHAKRISHNAN G A DAY after he was picked up from his home in south Kashmir for questioning, a 29-year-old school principal died in police custody Tuesday, triggeringcalls from separatists for a shutdown in the Valley. While the family of the victim,Rizwan AsadPandit, alleged that he was “murdered” in custody, police said they have ordered a magisterial probe to investigate the cause of death. According toRizwan’s family members, he wastaken away by police from his home at AwantiporaonSundaynight.On Tuesdaymorning,theysaid,they THE FIRST Lokpal, the national anti-corruption ombudsman, has been officially set up with President Ram Nath Kovind Tuesday appointing former Supreme Court Judge Justice P C Ghose as its chairperson, and eight members, including an equal number of judicial and non-judicial names. The Indian Express had reported Monday that Justice (retired) Ghose was all set to be appointedastheLokpalchairperson. According to an official communique, the four judicial members appointed by the NEW DELHI, MARCH 19 Rizwan Pandit’s mother (centre). Shuaib Masoodi were informed of his death in custody. Late evening, police handed over Rizwan’s body to the family. Speaking to The Indian Express, Rizwan’s elder brother CBI to court: Gujarat won’t let us prosecute Vanzara and Amin AHMEDABAD, MARCH 19 Irfan Ramzan Sheikh (15) was awarded the Shaurya Chakra at Rashtrapati Bhavan on Tuesday for taking on militants in Shopian, Jammu & Kashmir, in 2017. PTI Modi and Shah in New Delhi on Tuesday. Anil Sharma ISHRAT JAHAN CASE EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE AWANTIPORA, MARCH 19 N-DETERRENCE IN POST-DIGITALAGE ASHRINKINGworkforce suggestsanincreaseinthe numberof unemployed, andalsopointstofewer newjobopportunities. GivenIndia’sdemography andlabourforcegrowth overthedecades,this shouldbeacausefor concern. DECISION 2019 BASHAARAT MASOOD THE EDITORIAL PAGE Whythisshould bea worry Mubashir Asad said: “We don’t believe in any probe. We have seen the outcome of probes ordered earlier. We have only one demand: tell us for which crime CONTINUEDONPAGE2 President are former Allahabad High Court Chief Justice Dilip Babasaheb Bhosale, former Jharkhand High Court Chief Justice Pradip Kumar Mohanty, former Manipur High Court Chief Justice Abhilasha Kumari and current Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court Justice Ajay Kumar Tripathi. The non-judicial members are Maharashtra Chief Secretary DineshKumarJain,retiredIPSofficer and ex-DG of Sashastra Seema Bal Archana Ramasundaram, retired IRS official Mahender Singh and retired IAS officer I P Gautam, who is currentlythefulltimemanaging director of Gujarat Metro Rail CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE GUJARAT government has declined sanction for the prosecution of retired police officers D G Vanzara and N K Amin in the alleged fake encounter case of Ishrat Jahan and three others in 2004, the CBI informed a special court Tuesday. This was the only information made public by the CBI which handed the Gujarat government’s response in a sealed cover to special court judge J K Pandya. Vanzara and Amin are seeking discharge from proceedings and the matter will be heard next on March 26. Special public prosecutor R C Kodekar, representing the CBI, latertoldTheIndianExpress:“The letter was in a sealed cover and only the last part where prosecution was not granted to both (Vanzara and Amin) was made public.” Govt report will be out on March 26: Vanzara Kodekar said it was now up to the court to take a decision. “The court can either agree with the government, or it can disagree, or it may ask us to make a submission on this aspect,” he said. Vanzara told The Indian Express: “The contents of the governmentreportwillbemade public only on March 26, and then we will decide the future course of action.” The CBI had approached the Gujaratgovernmentforsanction ondirections of the specialcourt last October. It had sought sanction for prosecution under Section 197 of the Code of CriminalProcedure—underthis CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Infra push leads to surge in bank credit, reverses 2-year trend UPTICK IN BANK CREDIT Gross credit Industry Infrastructure Mar 18 8.2 0.7 -1.7 Apr 18 10.4 1.0 -1.3 May 18 10.9 1.4 -0.7 Jun 18 11.1 0.7 0.0 Jul 18 10.5 0.3 2.2 Aug 18 12.2 1.9 4.3 Sep 18 11.3 2.3 4.7 Oct 18 13.1 3.7 8.0 Nov 18 13.6 4.0 8.9 Dec 18 12.8 4.4 9.2 Jan 18 13.1 5.2 12.6 All figures represent year-on-year growth in credit outstanding SANDEEP SINGH & SUNNY VERMA NEW DELHI, MARCH 19 THE GOVERNMENT’S continued pushtowardsbuildinginfrastructurehasledtoasharpriseinbank credit growth to the sector over the last 10 months, reversing the declining credit trend seen over theprevioustwoyears.According to Reserve Bank of India data, bankcreditoutstandingtotheinfrastructuresectorrosebyoverRs 95,000 crore or 10.8 per cent be- tween April 2018 and January 2019 to Rs 9.86 lakh crore. Thisisinsharpcontrasttothe contraction in bank credit outstandingwitnessedbythesector over the previous two years. While the bank credit outstanding to the sector stood at Rs 9.64 lakhcroreasof March2016,itdeclined to Rs 9.06 lakh crore by March2017andfurtherdownto Rs8.90lakhcrorebyMarch2018. In the last 10-month period, while the overall bank credit has grownfrom10.4percentinApril CONTINUEDONPAGE2 After 16 yrs on Death Row, 6 men walk free: The fear never leaves you MAYURA JANWALKAR BHOKARDAN (JALNA), MARCH 19 TWENTY-ONE-YEAR-OLDArjun Shinde points to a shed built with 12 bamboo sticks and eight asbestos sheets that he and his 17-year-oldbrotherKrishnabuilt last week. “Not all the sheets are new, some are old. But we wantedtohavesomesemblance of a home when Pappa came back from prison. He was coming home after 16 years. He would have felt bad to find out that his family had no home while he was gone,” says Arjun. InBhokardan’sKailashNagar, stripped of lustre by its parched backdropandabjectpoverty,the shinysheetsofmetalareconspicuous in their newness. The colony that is home to five extended families of the nomadic Vadartribe,however,closedinto cheer the return of Ambadas Shinde, Bapu Shinde and Rajya Shinde last week but still wait anxiously for RajuShindewhois yet to be released from the Nagpur Central prison for he is wanted in another case in Buldhana. In an unprecedented decision, the Supreme Court, after restoring the appeals of the six convicts on death row, not only set aside their conviction and death sentence but also asked the state to pay compensationof Rs 5 lakh to each of them. It also directed the Maharashtra government to act against police officers who falsely implicated them in the murder of four members of Trambak Satote’s family in Nashik. Butthose16yearscosteveryonealmosteverythingtheyhad: Ambadas Shinde, Bapu Shinde, Rajya Shinde in Jalna. Pradip Das fromBapu’seldestson,whodied while his father was in jail to Rajya, whose wife married another man and from a juvenile, who still has nightmares from staying on death row to Ambadas, whose children never went to school. Arjun is the son of Bapu Shinde, one of the six members of the Shinde family, released by the SC on March 5, 13 years after theywerehandedthedeathsentence by a Nashik court for the “heinous”murdersof fourmembers of a family and raping a minor. Bapu (49) points to a picture of a 12-year-old boy wearing dark sunglasses. “This was my eldest son Vijay. He was the shoulder his mother leaned on after I was arrested. He died in 2008 after he was electrocuted and his father was nowhere to look after him,” he said insisting things would have been different had he been there. He points at the pickaxe and the shovel saying they are indispensable in the community. The Vadar community travels taking up odd jobs like breaking rocks, desilting nullahs, working con- struction, in agricultural farms across the state - that fetch meagre daily wages. “Ours is the hardest kind of labour,” says Ambadas Shinde, who was also released from Nagpur prison with his cousins BapuandRajya.“Insteadof these tools, I wanted my children to holdapen.Theycould getnoeducation. They would have perhapshadjobshadIbeenaround. Now they too are illiterate like their father.” Outside the shed that Bapu’s sonsbuiltisaheapof rubblethat CONTINUEDONPAGE2
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.