DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA ● REG.NO. MCS/067/2018 - 20 RNI REGN. NO. 1543/57 JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 2019, MUMBAI, LATE CITY, 22 PAGES `5.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 RULING ON ELECTORAL BONDS TODAY Why must voter know the source of political funding, Govt tells SC Realities of day have to be factored, transparency can’t be mantra: AG ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, APRIL 11 Outside a polling booth in Handwara, in Jammu and Kashmir, on Thursday. Shuaib Masoodi PHASE-I GETS OVER in 91 constituencies BENGAL RECORDS 81% 50% turnout in Bihar FORCES FIRE IN AIR outside West UP booth Moderate turnout, some violence 35% vote in Baramulla, 72% in Jammu NAVEED IQBAL, ADIL AKHZER & ARUN SHARMA BARAMULLA, HANDWARA, BARDOH, APRIL 11 UNLIKE ELECTIONS in the past, the atmosphere was largely peaceful in Baramulla, barring oneincidentwherea13-year-old boy died due to pellet gun injuries in Handwara after polling hours. While Baramulla registered 34.71 per cent voter turnout (39.1 per cent in 2014), Jammu,theotherLokSabhaconstituency that polled in Phase I, registered a turnout of 72.16 per cent (67.99 per cent in 2014). Baramulla and Jammu togetherpolled57.35percent,com- IEDs,FAULTYEVMs VIOLENCE: In AP, two killed as YSRCP and TDP workers clash. MAOIST ATTACKS: IED blasts in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, officials shot at in Gadchiroli. COMPLAINTS: EVMs malfunction in Jammu, AP. Cross-complaints of voter harassment in WB. PAGES 7, 9 paredto56.7percentin2014Lok Sabha elections. Voter turnout in all states was over 50 per cent, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Despite Naxal attempts to disrupt, 57% vote in Bastar DIPANKAR GHOSE SHYAMGIRI(DANTEWADA), APRIL 11 NAXAL-HIT BASTAR, that went to polls two days after MLA Bhima Mandavi was killed in an attack, witnessed 57 per cent voter turnout till 5 pm. Fear gripped voters in the Parliamentary constituency, but people came out in large numbers despite many an incident aimed at creating panic. At 4.30 am, as a polling party made its way near Farasgaon in Narayanpur district, a low intensity blast attempted to tar- In Dantewada, Chhattisgarh on Thursday. Dipankar Ghose get them, but there were no injuries. Two hours later, four Maoists, allegedly armed, were arrested in Bijapur. There were rumours of a “blast” in CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 55.97 % turnout in seven Vidarbha seats EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NAGPUR, APRIL 11 POLLING for seven Lok Sabha seats in Vidarbha on Thursday saw nearly 55.97 per cent of the electorate excercising their franchise till 5.30 pm. Barring three incidents of Maoist violence, the polling was peaceful. The constituencies that went to polls were Nagpur, Ramtek, Wardha, YavatmalWashim, Gadchiroli-Chimur, Bhandara-Gondia and Chandrapur. Despite the searing heatwithtemperaturesbetween 40and45degreesCelsius,enthusiasticvotersformedlongqueues even during the afternoon at many polling stations. InNagpur,Unionministerand sittingMPNitinGadkariandwife Kanchanperformedpujaathome before leaving for their polling THE EXPRESS INTERVIEW At a polling booth in Nagpur on Thursday. Monica Chaturvedi boothintheMahalareaofthecity, along with his two sons and daughter-in-law. After polls, Gadkari said he was confident of victory. AllthesixAssemblysegments intheconstituency,includingthe Dalit-dominated North Nagpur Nirmala Sitharaman UNION DEFENCE MINISTER ‘Nitish hardly able to draw crowds... Tejashwi Prasad Yadav RJD LEADER PAGES 5 & 8 CONTINUEDONPAGE2 TURNOUT UNLIKELY TO CROSS 2014 FIGURES PAGE 7 WORLD Interimruling, butsignificant OPACITY VERSUS transparency, right to privacy versus right to know, secrecy versus full disclosure, black money versus clean funds. These are the key issues before the Supreme Court as it decides pleas to stay the electoral bond scheme. The government has been underlining the donor’s right to secrecy, but that’s a view not shared by the petitioners and the poll panel who are calling for greater transparency and full disclosure. That’s why the interim ruling today will be significant. scheme went against the voters right to know, Venugopal said “why should they know where the money of political parties is coming from”. His remark came CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FIROZABAD, HATHRAS, APRIL 11 SUDAN COUP: ARMY OUSTS, ARRESTS BASHIR PAGE 15 NEW DELHI, APRIL 11 HOLDING THAT NaMo TV is sponsoredbytheBJP,theElection Commission Thursday ordered that all content on the TV channelshouldbe“removedimmediately” as it did not have prior certification.Thepollpanelalsoheld that all recorded programmes displayedonNaMoTVshouldbe pre-certified by the Media Certification and Monitoring Committee (MCMC) of Delhi. The EC has also asked the DelhiChiefElectoralOfficer(CEO) foracompliancereporttobesent to them “immediately”. The EC directions come a day after the BJPadmittedthattheNaMoApp, of which NaMo TV is a part, was run by its IT Cell. The EC had earlier asked if the content had been precertified, to which the Delhi CEO Office had responded saying no certification was given as the content did not qualify as an CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DELHI, APRIL 11 CASH-STRAPPEDJetAirwayshas suspended a number of flights, including to most foreign destinations such as Amsterdam, London, Paris, Singapore as well as domestic airports like Guwahati, Kolkata, Pune and Patna, among others. An airline spokesperson said Thursday that Jet Airways has “proactively cancelledlong-haul west-bound departures from India till Friday morning”. Singapore’s Changi Airport said the airline has suspended its services to and from Singapore until further notice. According to industry sources,theairlineissettooperate only five departures from Mumbai, one from Bengaluru and about 20 from Delhi on Friday.“JetAirwaysflight9W615 from Mumbai to Kolkata and 9W675 from Kolkata to Guwahati on April 12 are cancelledduetooperationalreasons. Similarly,9W676fromDehradun to Kolkata via Guwahati has also been cancelled until further notice,” Jet said in a statement. The cancellations, which come on top of an already curtailed schedule, follow groundingof aircraft.Accordingtoasenior official at the Directorate Generalof CivilAviation(DGCA), Jet Airways is operating a fleet of 14 aircraft, against a full strength of 119 planes a few months ago. On Thursday, the airline informed the stock exchanges that it has grounded 10 aircraft on account of non-payment of dues to its lessors. For BJP, mahagathbandhan in UP: ground reality vs best-case RAVISH TIWARI ASSANGE ARRESTED IN LONDON AS ECUADOR SCRAPS 7-YEAR ASYLUM EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE PRANAV MUKUL SITTING UNDER a tree in Nagla Keshon, the Jatav men — a Scheduled Caste to which BSP chief Mayawati belongs — were engrossed in a card session. “Modi should lose.” That was Chhoteylal’s one-line answer to a query on why he wanted to vote the SP this election. He then returned to his cards. It didn’t matter to the Jatavs that barely a few kilometres away,inKoiralaChauraha,Union Minister Rajnath Singh had landed to campaign for the BJP candidate in Hathras Lok Sabha constituency. Chhoteylal and his group were not going to make DECISION 2019 the effort to go for the minister’s rally — this was April 6. In Bastoi village too, not far from Rajnath Singh’s meeting venue, Chandrapal Prajapati, belonging to the extremely backward Prajapati caste, decided to stay home. But his votingpreferenceappearedtobe theminister’sparty.“TheBJPhas done good work. There is no fear in the air now. Law and order is good. It’s better to go and vote than show your face at a rally,” Prajapati said. Twodifferentresponses,only a few kilometres apart. And this variation in vote preference has beenacrosscommunities,across Lok Sabha constituencies in western UP — Aligarh, Mathura, Fatehpur Sikri, Mainpuri, Firozabad, Etah, Amroha, Aonla and Nagina — that will vote in the coming phases. The social demography, the tone and tenor playing out in myriadways,suggestthatdifferent assumptions behind bestcase scenarios visualised by either side — the incumbent BJP and the Opposition mahagathbandhan of SP, BSP, RLD — could be at variance with the ground reality in the battle for 80 Lok Sabha seats in Uttar Pradesh. Anchored in the 1993 experiment,whenthealliancestitched CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 100 yrs after Jallianwala, a survivor’s tale with help from Rowlatt’s grandson PAGE 1 ANCHOR ‘Pak needed 40 days to take media (to Balakot)... they can whitewash’ and Muslim-dominated Central Nagpur, recorded similar voting percentages. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, wife Amruta and mother Sarita arrived at their polling booth in Dharampeth around 12.30 pm and cast their votes.Earlier,pollingatthisbooth was stopped for about one hour due to a glitch in the VVPAT part of the EVMs. Butamongtheearliesttovote wereRSSSarsanghchalakMohan Bhagwat and Sarkaryawah Bhaiyaji Joshi. Senior RSS ideologue M G Vaidya (96) also cast his ballot along with wife at the New English High School booth. Nomajorissuesregardingvoters list or EVMs were reported fromany other part of the region. Among the key contestants whose fate was sealed in Thursday’s voting was Union MinisterofStateforHomeHansraj AhircontestingfromChandrapur. RESPONDING TO queries from the Supreme Court which will rule Friday on an interim plea to stay the electoral bond scheme on funding of political parties, Attorney General K K Venugopal Thursday said “transparency cannot be the mantra” and “my opinion is voters have the right toknowabouttheircandidates... why should they know where the money of political parties is coming from”. Inhissubmissionsbeforethe bench of Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and Justices Deepak Gupta and Sanjeev Khanna, the AG, while addressing a question on the need for transparencyinpoliticalfunding, said “realities of the day” have to be taken into account and “it can’t be applied without appreciating the particular problem”. Earlier,the AGhadpointedto limitations on funding of politicalpartiesandsaidtherewasstill no state funding of elections. He saidthereasontoprotectdonors undertheelectoralbondscheme from disclosing their identity was because donors feared victimisation by political parties to whomtheyhadnotcontributed. On the contention that the No political content on NaMo TV without prior approval: EC Crisis in Jet deepens: most international, internal flights suspended SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, APRIL 11 “Under the tyrant’s orders, they opened fire Straight into innocent hearts, my friends. And fire and fire and fire they did Some thousands of bullets were shot, my friends. Likesearinghailtheyfelledour youth A tempest not seen before, my friends”. AS A 22 -year-old, Nanak Singh wasatJallianwalaBaghthatfateful afternoon on April 13, 1919, whentroopsof theBritishIndian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired indiscriminately into a crowd of Indians gathered for a peaceful protest to condemn the arrest and deportation of two national leaders, Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew. And as a survivor of the massacre, he wrote a long, powerful poem titled “Khooni Vaisakhi” that was published in May 1920 and was promptly banned by the British. A hundred years later, UK Prime Minister Theresa May called the tragedy a shameful scar on British Indian history and Singh’s grandson, Navdeep Suri, who is India’s Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates, has translated his 900-line poem into English. Suri, a career diplomat who BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY A view of the martyrs' well at Jallianwala Bagh. PTI was India’s envoy in Egypt, Australia and now, UAE, was born in Amritsar, a stone’s throw away from Jallianwala Bagh and lived his first eight years there. “My grandfather - our Bauji was present in Jallianwala Bagh that fateful day. He had gone there for the rally against the Rowlatt Act with a couple of friends, we were told. Bauji had collapsed in the stampede triggered by the firing and had been left for dead under a pile of corpses. Both friends died...he walked out some hours later after regaining consciousness. But this was a subject that he did not want to talk about,” said Suri. NanakSingh,whowentonto become a doyen in Punjabi literature and won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1962, wrote the poem in which he systematically recounts the entire history of the times: all that took place beforethatfatefulday,whichled to the order by Dyer to open fire on the public. Suri, who was researching the massacre while working on the translation of the book, got in touch with BBC journalist Justin Rowlatt whose great grandfather Sir Sidney Rowlatt authored the infamous Act that Singh and others were protesting against it that day. The Rowlatt Act was dubbed as “no Dalil, no Vakil, no Appeal.” In a deeply moving account, Rowlatt, who was BBC’s South Asia correspondent in Delhi between 2015 and 2018, writes in the book, “I wasn’t expecting to react as strongly as I did when I visited Jallianwala Bagh...I certainly wasn’t expecting to cry...I have more reason than most to feel ashamed and humbled by what happened at the Bagh. That’s because the demonstrators who were killed by British troops had gathered there to protest against a repressive law inspired by and named after my great grandfather.” Calling it a “draconian piece of legislation”, Rowlatt writes that the Rowlatt Act and its repercussions were very much in his mind when he started his work in the Delhi bureau of the BBC.“Ididnotfeelresponsibleor see how anyone could hold me responsibleforsomething,however heinous, done by an ancestor three generations earlier. However,myfearwasthatmany Indians would disagree...I was proved spectacularly wrong.” “Iwasoccasionallyteasedfor my unfortunate family history, but I never experienced anger, nor even disapproval. Indeed, if anything Indians seem to warm to me because of my connection to their country,” he wrote. And, then Tushar Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi’s grandson, gave him a CONTINUEDONPAGE2
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