eye THE SUNDAY EXPRESS MAGAZINE NEWDELHI,LATECITY APRIL14,2019 22+6(EYE)PAGES,`6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, ` 12 SRINAGAR) DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA SUNDAY STORY PAGE 11 BIG PICTURE WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM PAGES 12-13 Guarding the gates It’s raining polls For 19 yrs, Naveen Patnaik has defied all predictions to keep Odisha in BJD’s hold. He banks on reinvention, party network, personal appeal In Marathwada, even an all-pervasive agrarian crisis will not drown out a BJP campaign on nationalism Women police officers face crime, patriarchy and the call of duty In this TN seat, the fight is also over Jaya’s legacy E P UNNY THENI, APRIL 13 STRESSISmorepalpableinthese parts than the summer. Theni’s voters are being wooed far too anxiously, as though there is no tomorrow. It could well turn out so for one of the two warring claimants to J Jayalalithaa’s legacy. One managed to inherit her government, and the other hit back by winning a bypoll from the seat that fell vacant on the supremo’s death. TTVDhinakaran,whopulled off the upset, wants to rub in a repeat here. His friend-turnedfoe, O Panneerselvam (OPS), has fielded son Raveendranath Kumar as the AIADMK candidate. Theni is OPS’s hometown. On May 23, when the votes are counted, this place will see that extra burst of firecrackers over face saved or lost on home turf. More than the urge to win, what drives the campaign is the fear of failure. There is all-round effort to sustain panic levels.The buzz in Mettu Neerathan village is that the whole state is watching Theni for signs. Once the voters here show the way, Jaya loyalists statewide would sense it, swing in sync and the winner would take all. Sounds neat, but for something like a bellwether effect to play out, even as the poll process is on, voters will have to exchange mental notes. How? Through telepathy? Thanga Tamilselvan DECISION 2019 Raveendranath Kumar INSIDE AT TN RALLY, PM MOCKS CONGRESS'S NYAY PROMISE PAGE 6 Chhattisgarh: a new land-mine conflict brews in forest belt DIPANKAR GHOSE THE WORLD Political edge tothe conflict WHEN MOST clearances were given during the BJP regime, tribals and the powerful NGOs rallied around the Congress. With the Congress in power, they now expect a shift in policy. In Fatehpur. Dipankar Ghose NEW DELHI, APRIL 13 PAGE 17 Govt says no link with Rafale deal, ADAG denies favouritism or gain SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 13 Former CEO of IL&FS ‘DEEP REGRET’ Financial British High Commissioner to India Dominic Asquith at the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial in Jallianwala Services held Amritsar Saturday toamark the centenary of the massacre. “The events ofregret what Bagh 100 years ago reflect shameful act in British-Indian history. We deeply happened and the suffering caused,” he wrote in the visitors’ book. Gurmeet Singh REPORT,P8 THE FRENCH daily Le Monde reported Saturday that the French government waived a €143.7 million tax liability for Anil Ambani’s France-based company, Reliance Atlantic Flag France, barely six months after Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the government-togovernment deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets in Paris in 2015. According to the report, the French authorities had raised a demand of €151 million from Ambani’s company after tax audits for the period between 2007and2012,includingdefault interest and penalties. Ambani’s firmhadoffereda settlementfor €7.6 million in 2013, which was rejected by the French tax authorities.However,onOctober 22, 2015, the French authorities accepted €7.3 million as settlement from Ambani’s company for the period 2008-14. The Defence Ministry, Ambani’sReliancegroup,andthe French Embassy in New Delhi issued statements Saturday denying links between the tax waiver and the Rafale deal. The Ministry said that “any connectionsdrawnbetween the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 DEFENCE MINISTRY: “Any connections drawn between the tax issue and the Rafale matter is totally inaccurate, tendentious and is a mischievous attempt to disinform”. FRENCH EMBASSY: “Settlement was conducted in full adherence with the legislative and regulatory framework governing this common practice of the tax administration. It was not subject to any political interference whatsoever.” ANIL AMBANI’S RELIANCE GROUP: “Denies any favouritism or gain from settlement. Reliance Flag settled disputes as per legal framework in France available to all companies operating in France.” THESERIOUSFraudInvestigation Office (SFIO) Saturday arrested IL&FS Financial Services’ former MD and CEO Ramesh C Bawa for alleged fraud in granting loans, official sources said. “Bawa has been arrested on grounds of abusing his powers in IL&FS Financial Services Ltd through his fraudulent conduct and in granting loans to entities which were not creditworthy, causing wrongful loss to the company and its creditors,” sources said. IL&FS Financial Services Ltd had borrowings of around Rs 17,500 crore through debt instruments and bank loans, the sources said. Provident funds, pension funds, gratuity funds, mutual funds as well as public and private sector banks are among the entities thathave invested in these debt instruments. Default by IL&FS and related entities have caused difficulties in the entire financial markets, adversely affecting banks, NBFCs, mutualfundsandpensionfunds. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Only medical colleges To end the glut of coins, govt mulls with functional hospitals privatisation of distribution, exports for 3 yrs may get MCI nod Buildings on verge of collapsing under weight of coins: RBI ABANTIKA GHOSH NEW DELHI, APRIL 13 OF THE 89 new medical colleges that were approved in 20112018, 39 failed to clear inspection by the Medical Council of India (MCI), according to data available with the NITI Aayog. In most cases, the functioning of the hospital was found to be “deficient”. So the MCI Board of Governors (BoG) is now considering the option of restricting new medical colleges to institutions which have a functional hospital for at least three years. According to the MCI’s rules, a medical college with 100 seats needstohaveafunctionalteaching hospital with at least 300 beds, with60%occupancyatthe time of submission of applica- tion to the MCI. The 60% bed occupancy has to be maintained atthetimeof theannualrenewal the next year. The bed strength has to increase to 500, with minimum75%occupancy,atthe time of the second renewal. While some of the medical colleges which failed inspection were found to have a shortage of faculty,mostof themwerefound deficient on the above criteria. TheBoG,thehighestdecision makingbodyof theMCI,hasNITI Aayog member Dr V K Paul, Secretary, Health Research, Dr Balram Bharagava, AIIMS Director Dr Randeep Guleria, AIIMSProfessorDrNikhilTandon, Dr Jagat Ram of PGI, Chandigarh, DGHS Dr S Venkatesh and NIMHANS Director Dr B N Gangadhar as members. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RITU SARIN NEW DELHI, APRIL 13 IRKED BY the number of coins you get through the day, which endupliningyourwallet?Itisn’t just you — thanks to the general preference for currency notes and a higher production of coins following demonetisation, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is now facing a serious problem of plenty. In meeting after meeting of the Currency and Coin (C&C) Division in the Ministry of Finance, the central bank has been raising the issue of what it describes as the “reverse flow” of coins. As a result, the government is looking at alternative modes of transportation, as well as privatising the distribution of Approximately 9 billion coins with RBI now coins. Due to high indents and the slow lifting of coin consignments by the RBI, the potential for exporting coins to countries such as Brazil, Sri Lanka, and the Maldivesisalsobeingexamined. Minutes of meetings of the C&C Division accessed by The Sunday Express reveal that the RBI’s representatives have been givingan alarming picture of the coin glut but have, however, assured that whatever quantity of coins have been indented by them will now be lifted. Minutesof ameetingheldon November 22, 2018, show that the RBI has said it is now storing approximately 9 billion coins, whiletheprojectedindentgiven by the RBI to the Security Printing & Minting Corporation of India (SPMCIL) for the year 2019-20 is 3,400 million coins. This, incidentally is only a third of SPMCIL’sproductioncapacity. The minutes read, “RBI informed that presently there is a reverse flow of coins and there are approximately 9 billion pcs of coins with chest of RBI. The main issue with coins is of storage and the buildings holding CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 UPSC toppers’ common link: No social media, many engineers AVISHEK G DASTIDAR SUDAN INTERIM LEADER QUITS A DAY AFTER COUP KIM OPEN TO ANOTHER SUMMIT WITH TRUMP, WITH CONDITIONS Francewaived taxforAnil Ambanifirm; saysasperlaw NEW DELHI, APRIL 13 FATEHPUR(SURGUJA), APRIL 13 THE SUN is harsh, and some leaves on the trees have turned the colour of the earth, a dry brown. It’s a brown the villagers of Fatehpur in Surguja district of north Chhattisgarh do not mind — what they fear is the earth turning black. “As long as the ground is brown in the summer, it means ourforestsstillexist,andtheland isstillours.Buttheywanttoturn our forest into a mining pit, and the brown earth black. Until the day that happens and afterward too,wewillfight,”saysJainendra Singh Porte, a resident of Fatehpur. In March, the Union Ministry of EnvironmentandForestsgave environmental clearance to the 5 metric tonne per annum (MTPA)Parsamine,locateddeep in the Hasdeo Arang forests of North Chhattisgarh. The mine is owned by Rajasthan Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited, the Rajasthan state power distribution company (discom), and CONTINUED ON PAGE 9 LE MONDE REPORT Forget logic. The fear is real andsuch obsessionwitha single constituency doubly conspicuous on the ruling party’s side. WhenRaveendranathbreaks for lunch, there are about 25 SUVs parked in attendance. A caravan, the kind you see in film locales, snakes its way into the parking lot. The candidate reappears in good time, rested and refreshed. He tries to make eye contact and address individual members in the crowd, “How are you, Sister? All well, Brother?” Amplified brutally by ill-set loudspeakers, the pleasantries sound threatening. A bigger disconnect is his longish non-Dravidian name — yet to be shrunkintoaneasyacronymlike his father’s ‘OPS’. When a girl on a mobike stopstocheckwhatthecommotion is about, the gathering answers in chorus, “OPS son rally”. Since parental appellations aren’t written on EVMs, the AIADMK has to popularise the candidate’s name. Theopponent’sparty,Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (AMMK),littleoverayearold,has a bigger task — to propagate the just allotted gift box symbol. What’sinside,askpeopleexpectantly when gift-wrapped replicasareheldaloftattheroadshow. The new image has to compete with the MGR-vintage two-leaf symbol which, in the last Lok Sabhapollshere,drewmorethan double the DMK votes. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU HOW TO BE A WOMAN, AND A SHARP COP WHEREDOyoufindinformation about a bunch of young professionals in their twenties? On socialmediaplatformslikeTwitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, right? Wrong. Most of the toppers of the UPSC Civil Services Examination held last year had one thing in common. They all stayed away from social media, to avoid “distractions” and stay focussed on their preparation. Many of them evendeactivatedtheirsocialme- dia accounts. So, at first attempt, it is difficult to find them online. “I considered it a wasteof my time. I deactivated my Facebook and Twitter accounts. I am on Instagram, but checked it only rarely, and then too, I only connected with a few people close to me,” said Kanishak Kataria, the all-India topper from Jaipur. Fourth-rankholderShreyans Kumat, also from Rajasthan, did the same. So did Srushti Jayant DeshmukhfromBhopal(Rank5) and Varneet Negi from Bilaspur (Rank 13). Rahul Sharanappa Sankanur from Hubli, the topper from Karnataka with all-India rank 17, did not even use a smartphone. “I now have a smartphone and started using it,” he told The Sunday Express. However, Tanmay Vashistha Sharma,a 26-year-oldIPSofficer who ranked 10th, said he used some social media platforms. “NotTwitter,butIusedFacebook to follow pages of newspapers like The Indian Express. And also, YouTube — the Rajya Sabha proceedings on YouTube is very good for preparation for the civil services exam,” he said. Akshat Jain from Jaipur, who came second, said he used Kanishak Kataria (Rank 1), Srushti Deshmukh (Rank 5) WhatsApp “only because there were study groups there”, and about five minutes of Facebook “for refreshment”. “I never posted anything. After long hours of studying, my five min- utes of Facebookwas only for refreshment,” he said. The toppers share another common link — at least 27 of the top 50 are engineers, including graduatesfromtheIITs(fivefrom IIT-Mumbai) as well as BITSPilaniandNIT-Surathkal.Equally conspicuous is the absence of MBAs from the list. Also, many of them gave up their careers in the private sector to be a part of India’s administrative elite. Kataria, for example, worked with Samsung, in South Korea, for over a year. Kumat worked with Ernst and Young for a couple of years be- fore deciding to prepare for the civil services examination. PujyaPriyadarshini(Rank11) worked with Pricewaterhouse Coopers and is currently with the Reliance Foundation. Ankit (Rank 34), from Panipat,worked with Honda. And Tanmay Vashistha Sharma was with Goldman Sachs before deciding to join the administration. VarneetNegiwaswithPower Grid Corporation earlier. “But I resigned and decided to try for the civils,” he said. Barring the engineers, the other toppers have a varied CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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