DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 2020, NEW DELHI, LATE CITY, 16 PAGES `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 PRESENTATION AT MEETING WITH STATES Delhi and Maharashtra among five states that may face shortfall in critical Covid care: Centre Cabinet Secretary red-flags hospital inventory shortfall, testing bottlenecks, high case fatality rate in 69 districts DIPANKAR GHOSE NEW DELHI, JUNE 11 FROM GLARING shortfalls in hospital inventory to a steady surge in confirmation rate (percentage of samples tested returningpositive)andtestingbottlenecks, the Centre Thursday raised red flags in the country’s battle against the pandemic. It said although the national Case Fatality Rate (CFR) remains stable, 69 districts have high CFR. It warned the five most affectedstates—Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu,Delhi,Gujarat,UttarPradesh — that going by current trends, they are projected to fall short in terms of ICU beds and ventilators betweenJuneandAugust. In Delhi, where the ruling AAP is locked in a war of words withthe BJP and the central government over the mounting casesandcapacityshortfall,projections show the city may already have run out of ICU beds on June 3, will run out of ventilators on June 12, and isolation beds with oxygen on June 25. This projection is part of a presentation made during a videoconference that Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba had with statechief secretariesandhealth secretaries. Maharashtra is projected to have a shortage of ICU beds on August 8, while it may run out of ventilatorsbyJuly27.TamilNadu isexpectedtorunoutof ICUbeds and ventilators by July 9, and isolationbedswithoxygenonJuly21. Similar projections were made for five other states/UTs — Haryana, Karnataka, J&K, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal-giventhecurrenttrends CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WARNING BELLS 46 DISTRICTS across 13 states had confirmation rates (percentage of samples testing positive) of over 10% as on June 9 69 DISTRICTS across 13 states in the country have fatality rates of more than 5% STATES WARNED that they are likely to fall short on health infrastructure between the months of June and August MCDs cite funerals to put toll at 2,098, almost double Delhi govt count ABHINAV RAJPUT NEW DELHI, JUNE 11 THE THREE municipal corporations of Delhi said on Thursday that “there have been 2,098 funerals of Covid-19 positive patients” at the designated crematoriums and burial grounds under their jurisdiction so far. The last rites of an additional “over200suspectedcases”were also held as per the Covid-19 protocol, they said. This is almost double the death toll released by the Delhi government, which stood at 1,085 on Thursday. Responding to the figure released by the three MCDs, the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CREMATORIUM RUNS OUT OF SPACE PAGE 3 Govt dues: Big relief for PSUs, telcos told to give timeframe GAIL,Oil India, RailTel likely to benefit THE RS 3 lakh crore demand from non-telecom PSUs, accounts for almost 65 per cent of the total Rs 4.7 lakh crore demand from all companies, including private and stateowned telecom companies. It could impact the government’s fiscal math, since the Centre would be able to realise just a fraction of the total estimated revenue for the current financial year. the total Rs 4.7 lakh crore demand from all companies, including private and stateowned telcos. If the amount is not realised, itcouldimpactthegovernment’s fiscal math, since the Centre would receive just a fraction of the total estimated revenue CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE IDEAS PAGE NEPAL:INDIAMUST TREADCAREFULLY LET’S BREAK THE SILENCEON RACISM BY MICHAEL HOLDING PAGE 11 AS INDIA and China discuss the process of lowering tensions along the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh, Indian Army sources Thursday said both countries had moved troops forward from their usual positions across the entire length of the Sino-Indian boundary at the height of the faceoff in May. Army sources said the troop movement,notsimilartothedeployment in eastern Ladakh, took place in the depth areas of all three sectors -- western, middle and eastern – of the 3,488km boundary that India shares with China. While the faceoff has been restricted to eastern Ladakh, which is in the western sector, armies on both sides, sources said, have augmented their military strength even in the middle and eastern sectors. NEWDELHI,JUNE11 LESSTHANonepercentof26,400 people,randomlychosenfrom65 districts with varied caseloads, were exposed to the coronavirus in the first month of the national CASES: This happened in May, much before the June 6 meeting between XIV Corps Commander Lt General Harinder Singh and South Xinjiang Military District Commander Major General Liu Lin. Sources said troops in other sectorsare“notengagedface-toface” since it is an “in-depth deployment”. “Since May, China has increased its troop presence in other sectors as well. Accordingly, India too has increased troop presence in other sectors,” sources said, underlining that “it happened before the June 6 meeting” and “they are not deployed along the LAC”. “If you see some more troops are required, you deploy more troops.If youfeeltheyarenotrequired, you move them back. It is a dynamic process, based on what the other side does,” sources said. In the depth areas of Ladakh, away from the frontline, India CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RECOVERED:1,41,028 | DEATHS:8,102 TESTS:52,13,140 | DOUBLINGRATE:17.74** TOTAL CASES SURGEIN 24HRS 7-DAYAVG. DOUBLING GROWTH* RATE ** ■ Maharashtra 94,041 3,254 3.31% 21.74 HITTING THE STREETS ■ Gujarat 21,554 510 2.51% 28.66 Mumbai Police personnel on two-wheel scooters at Marine Drive on Thursday. The force inducted 50 such vehicles for personnel to patrol waterfronts, beaches and promenades in the city. Ganesh Shirsekar ■ Bihar 5,698 243 4.01% 17.94 ■ West Bengal 9,328 343 5.28% 13.64 KEYSTATES TOWATCH ■ Delhi 32,810 1,501 4.79% 15.03 ■ Tamil Nadu 36,841 1,927 5.18% 13.90 * Compounded Daily Growth Rate over last 7 days Teen CAA protester Amulya gets ‘default bail’ in lower court EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE BENGALURU, JUNE 11 THE DAY after a sessions court rejected the bail petition of Amulya Leona Noronha, the 19year-old who was held on charges of sedition for saying “Pakistan Zindabad” at an antiCAA protest in February, a magistrate’s court granted the college student “default bail” since the state had failed to file the chargesheet within the stipulated time period. The 19-yr-old was arrested in February on sedition charges Police in Bengaluru were due to file a chargesheet on May 20, when the 90-day period since her arrest ended, but did so only on June 3. The delay enabled Amulya’s advocates to move a plea under section 167(2) of the CrPC, under which those arrested are entitled to bail at the end of 60/90 days given to the police for investigation — if a chargesheet is not filed by then. “I have heard that bail has been granted but I am yet to see the copy of the order,’’ said senior advocate and former state publicprosecutorBTVenkatesh, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 One month into lockdown, less than 1% were exposed: ICMR antibodies survey ABANTIKAGHOSH PAGE 1 ANCHOR NEW DELHI, JUNE 11 79 2,86,579 Could affect govtfiscalmath THE EDITORIAL PAGE RUSSIA KRISHN KAUSHIK & SHUBHAJIT ROY LOCKDOWN DAY NEW DELHI, JUNE 11 BY SHYAM SARAN PAGE 10 MEA: Maintaining engagements to peacefully resolve situation at earliest TRACKING INDIA’S COVID CURVE AASHISH ARYAN & ANANTHAKRISHNAN G THE SUPREME Court Thursday said the demand by the Department of Telecommunications for dues to the tune of Rs 3 lakh crore in adjusted gross revenue (AGR) from non-telecom public sector undertakings was“whollyimpermissible”and asked the DoT to withdraw it. Thursday’s order, which will provide a major relief to GAIL India Ltd, Oil India Ltd, PowerGrid, RailTel and Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, comes almost eight months after the October 24, 2019, Supreme Court judgment. “Outright misuse of our verdict...This is wholly and totally impermissible,” Justice Arun Mishra observed as a bench comprising him, Justices S Abdul Nazeer and M R Shah, was hearing a government plea to allow private operators pay their AGR dues in a staggered manner over 20 years. The order is significant since the Rs 3 lakh crore demand from non-telecom PSUs accounts for almost 65 per cent of Not just in Ladakh, India, China moved troops in all three sectors last month lockdown, according to the first phaseofanationwidesamplingto check for the pandemic’s spread viatestingforantibodies. NitiAyogmemberDrVKPaul said that the sampling was done in the third week of May, and the results reflect the national situationtillApril30asittakestimefor theantibodiestodevelop. “Thisshowsthatthelockdown hasbeensuccessful,”ICMRchiefDr Balram Bhargava said while presenting the results Thursday. The secondphaseofthesurveyisbeing carriedoutincontainmentzones. Inthefirstphase,sampleswere collected from 83 districts, and data from 65 analysed so far. The districts were divided into four groups:zerocases,lowincidence, medium incidence and high incidence.Ineverygroup,aminimum of 15 districts were selected and 400 individuals from each tested. Atotalof28,595householdswere CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WORLD CONCERN TAMIL NADU: Fastest growing among top five states. Record high cases Wednesday CAUTION ** Calculated over 7-day growth HARYANA: Fresh cases down on Wednesday, but only slight. Growth still high A GLIMMER BIHAR: Significant slowdown in last one week. Growth now below national rate Based on daily data by Centre, ICMR, state governments AFTER FLOYD: U.S. PROTESTERS TEAR DOWN JEFFERSON, COLUMBUS STATUES S. KOREA: SPIKE IN CASES TRIGGERS FEARS OF WAVE US report on religious freedom lists protests against CAA, Art 370 PAGE 14 SHUBHAJIT ROY EXPLAINED IN ITS ‘International Religious Freedom Report’ for 2019, the UnitedStatesadministrationhas given a detailed account of the protestsandcriticismagainstthe Indian government’s decisions on the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and Article 370. The report, released by US Secretary of State Michael R Pompeo on Thursday, also talks about “religiously inspired mob violence, lynching and communal violence”, and says that “some officials of Hindu-majority parties, including from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), SIMPLY PUT WHY ASYMPTOMATIC CASES MATTER PAGE 13 NEW DELHI, JUNE 11 made inflammatory public remarks or social media posts against minority communities”. Calling it an “internal report” of theUSgovernment,theIndian government said Washington has“nolocusstandi”tocomment on the issue. Responding to questions on the report, the Ministry of External Affairs’ official spokespersonAnuragSrivastava said,“Thereportispublishedannually by the US State Department as part of the legal requirement to the US Congress. It is an internal document of the US government. India’s vibrant democratic traditions and practicesareevidenttotheworld.The CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Coimbatore now Koyampuththoor: Cities get new Tamil names ARUN JANARDHANAN CHENNAI, JUNE 11 TO IMPRESS upon the significance of Tamil phonetics, the AIADMKgovernmenthasissued a government order amending theEnglishspellingof 1,018cities and places or giving them a totally new official name. For instance, the spelling of Coimbatore, the second largest city in the state, has been changed to ‘Koyampuththoor’. Tuticorin or Thoothukudi to ‘Thooththukkudi,’andTriplicane and Egmore, to localities in Chennai city, to Thiruvallikkeni and Ezhumboor (meaning the seventhvillage,asitwastheseventh village bought by the British), respectively. The impact of changing over 1,000namesofficiallyingovernmentrecordswillnotonlybeexpensive, but laborious too; signage will be changed on highways and railway stations, correctionswillbemadeongovernment records, postal and attached services etc. The decision also left the Tamil literary circle divided in its opinion. TheodoreBhaskaran,ahisto- rian familiar with the state’s modern history, said the decision was “totally unwarranted” during a pandemic and blamed the government for not taking railways and the postal department in confidence before going for this massive project. “These two agencies who have a larger stake in addresses and place names were not consulted when they changed. Universally, there is a rationale about addresses… all that has beendestroyedhere.Insomeinstances, the original meaning itself has changed. This will have an impact, even on elections. Do BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY they have an idea about the significance of addresses and place names?” Bhaskaran asked. Nandita Krishna, a Chennaibased historian who has authored books on the history of Madras and the significance of preserving local names, said the government’s decision was totally beyond comprehension. “In these times, should we worryaboutspellingof placesor Covid? In theology, the word Krishna is written with certain dots and character features on each letter. But is thatamatter of concern for a postman or an ordinary person?In mychildhood, we used to come to ‘Madrasappattinam’ during holidays, later I started living in ‘Madras,’ and it has become ‘Chennai’ now. I think this change is all about fresh money, employment, and expenditure to change all these names on records and roads,” she said. But K Pandiarajan, Minister for Tamil Official Language and Tamil Culture, told The Indian Express that there were many factors that had delayed these corrections. “Itwasalong-pending project. Major challenge was thatitrequiredcorrectioninrevenue,registrationandlocalbody departments, a massive task before us. There used to be strong resistance from these departments. Like Bombay became Mumbai and Madras became Chennai and Trivandrum became Thiruvananthapuram, it was important to preserve our nativelanguageand expressions in our place names and spellings,” he said. Pandiarajan said both the postal department and railways would have to change their system as well. The Central governmentwastakeninconfidencebeforeitwasimplemented,hesaid. This project has been under- way since 2018, when it was first announced. After district administrationshadselected1,018place namesandsubmittedthemtothe government with new spellings as per Tamil pronunciation, the government sent it to Tamil professorsandwritersineachdistrict seekingtheirfinalapproval.Ofthe 1,018namechanges,647spellings weredecidedbyofficialsand371 were amended or changed by Tamil experts. While Pandiarajan claimed the government’s move was to bring in the local, native context of names, which were largely CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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