eye MCS/204/2020-22RNINO.MAHENG2002/21899 THE SUNDAY EXPRESS MAGAZINE The FUTUREPOLIS MUMBAI,LATECITY JUNE21,2020 16PAGES,`5.00 WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM CHINESE SOUGHT TO ERECT STRUCTURES JUST ACROSS LAC: MEA GovtrejectsChinaclaimtoGalwan,saysPM’s no-intruderremarkwasonsituationafterclash PMO acknowledges: This time, Chinese came in much larger strength to LAC SHUBHAJIT ROY & KRISHN KAUSHIK INSIDE NEW DELHI, JUNE 20 WITH QUESTIONS being raised about Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks Friday that neither has anyone intruded into Indian territory nor has anyone captured any military post, the government made it clear Saturday that his remarks pertainedtothesituationinGalwan Valleyaftertheviolentclasheson the night of June 15. This came on the day Delhi rejected Beijing’s claim to the Galwan Valley, underlining that it was going against its own position in the past. The Prime Minister’s Office, in a statement, said the “focus of the PM’s remarks” at the allparty meeting Friday “were the events of 15 June at Galwan that ledtothelossof livesof 20Indian militarypersonnel”and that“attempts are being made in some quarters” to give it “a mischievous interpretation”. “The sacrifices of the soldiers of the 16 Bihar Regiment foiled the attempt of the Chinese side to erect structures and also clearedtheattemptedtransgression at this point of the LAC on that day,” the PMO said. “As regards transgression of LAC, itwasclearlystatedthat the violence in Galwan on 15 June arose because Chinese side was seeking to erect structures just acrosstheLACandrefusedtodesist from such actions.” READY, DETERMINED, SAYS IAF CHIEF KATHMANDU, KABUL HOPEFOR PEACE FULL COVERAGE PAGE 7 Hours later, Anurag Srivastava, spokesperson for the Ministry of External Affairs, while responding to the claim by Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian that “Galwan Valley is located on the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control”, echoed the PMO statement. He said “the Chinese side departed from these understandings in respect of the LAC in the Galwan Valley area and sought to erect structures just across the LAC” and that Beijing’s claim to Galwan “are not in accordance with China’s own position in the past” – not since the Sino-Indian war of 1962. The PMO did, however, say CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Army vehicles near Leh on Thursday, on way to Eastern Ladakh, which saw a clash with China recently. Wangailkaya Opp asks why Army LAC remains on edge, said opposite, why fear of fresh flare-ups, silence on Pangong calls to de-escalate MANOJ CG NEW DELHI, JUNE 20 PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi’sstatementattheall-party meeting that nobody had entered Indian territory triggered a political firestorm on Saturday with the Opposition asking whether he had “surrendered” Indian territory to China. The Congress asked the government to immediately clarify its position on China’s claim to the entire Galwan Valley in Ladakh. “PM has surrendered Indian territory to Chinese aggression. PM Modi launches Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan Saturday. ANI THE CITY Make villages shine now: PM at launch of job scheme for poor SANTOSH SINGH PATNA, JUNE 20 NO PROFIT SINCE MARCH, MANY GYMS GO DIGITAL, SOME SHUT SHOP TWO MORE MUMBAI POLICE CONSTABLES DIE, TOLL 32 PAGE 4 ISSUING A call to “turn adversity into opportunity”, Prime Minister Narendra Modi Saturday launched the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, a skillbased employment scheme aimed primarily at migrant workers who have returned to theirvillagesto escapetheCovid lockdown distress. “This programme is dedi- cated to workers. We understand your sentiments and also your needs. This programme is a big platform to achieve this. So far, you had been making cities shine with your efforts, now you will boost your villages and localities,” Modi said. With a 125-workday mandate to create public infrastructure, with the involvement of 11 central departments, the Rs50,000-croreinitiativewillfocusonjobcreationin116districts CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 If the land was Chinese: why were our soldiers killed? Where were they killed,” senior Congress leader Rahul Gandhi tweeted. “China has now claimed the entire Galwan Valley as theirs... the Chinese are present in the Galwan Valley. The Prime Minister says there are no Chinese troops in Indian territory. Keep the two statements next to each other, the conclusion is horrifying,” senior party leader P Chidambaram said. “Before we spell out those horribleconclusions,Iwouldask the government to answer CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JUNE 20 THE MOOD on the Line of Actual Control has changed dramatically ever since the death of 20 Indian soldiers in clashes with Chinese troops in the Galwan Valley on the night of June 15. So tense is the situation that there is a possibility it could deteriorate rapidly should there be another faceoff any time soon. The Galwan incident – the first deaths on the Sino-Indian border in 45 years, and the most serious breakdown of the 1993 understandingbetweenthetwo India’s hopes up as 26/11 wanted Rana re-arrested in US DEEPTIMAN TIWARY NEW DELHI, JUNE 20 ONE OF the key accused in the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, Tahawwur Hussain Rana, is likely to soon face extradition proceedings in the US based on a request from India. Released recently after testing positive for coronavirus, Rana has been re-arrested by US authorities based on a provisional request from the National Investigation Agency. This paves theway for extraditionproceedings to begin against him in a US court, sources said. India’s requestforhisextraditionhasbeen pending for years. A Pakistan-born Canadian citizen, Rana is serving a 14-year sentence in the US for his involvement in a terrorism plot against a Danish newspaper and forprovidingmaterialsupportto the Lashkar-e-Taiba. The 59year-old resident of Chicago was arrested in 2009 on charges of plotting the 26/11 terror attacks. AccordingtoIndianagencies, he was a close friend of convicted 26/11 accused David Coleman Headley and had helpedthelattersetupanimmigration business in Mumbai as a cover for his reconnaissance activities. Rana had also helped Headley get forged identity documents. In 2013, Rana was sentenced to14yearsof imprisonment,followedbyfiveyearsof supervised release. “He was recently released after he reported that he had tested positive for Covid-19. FollowingthistheUSauthorities on June 10 executed our request for his provisional arrest. This CONTINUEDONPAGE2 nuclear-armed neighbours who also agreed not to use firearms alongtheirlargeandoftenundefined border – has stalled the processof disengagementbythe two sides in Ladakh. Moreworryingly,thecircumstancesof thedeathof the20soldiers have increased chances of anescalationintoamilitaryconflict on the LAC since adherence to old protocols and SOPs will now be very hard to enforce. “If de-escalation does not take place fast, the chances of more such clashes taking place will increase. When you have troops eyeball-to-eyeball, there CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SUNDAY STORY ASADISTRICT UNLOCKS A E N XPRESS SERIES PAGE 10 Unlock, unlock, unlock, PM Modi recently told CMs. Beginning today, The Indian Express drops anchor in Bhagalpur to track this unlockdown BRAZIL PAST 1 MN MARK IN CASES PAGE 12 The Dharavi unlock: How daily new cases down to single digit SANJANA BHALERAO MUMBAI, JUNE 20 DHARAVI,the2,400-squaremeter slum sprawl, which had emerged as a Covid-19 hot spot inMumbaibymid-April,andhad the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) deeply worried, has witnessed a steady declineinthenumberof newcases in June. On Saturday, addition to cases was in single digit for the firsttimesincetheareareported its first case on April 1. The drop in new cases in Dharavi is characterised by a steep fall in the doubling time of 18 days in the last week of April to 78 days as of June 19. At 78 days, it has the longest doubling time in Mumbai, where overall the cases are now estimated to double in 34 days. On April 1, Dharavi reported its first Covid-19 case and also the first death due to the virus, albeit in a multi-storey residentialcomplexinBaligaNagarwith good sanitisation facility and scope for social distancing. But alarm bells rang four days later, Doubling rate in slum now longest in Mumbai. Express E E X P L A I NE D DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA How will the pandemic change the city? PAGES 15, 16, 17 ● Makingofa newmodel From roping in private and local medical practitioners to classifying every Covid-19 contact as ‘high risk’ given the density in the Dharavi slums, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation took bold and smart calls over the last two months. when the virus found its way to one of the largest and most CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 TRACKING INDIA’S COVID CURVE LOCKDOWN DAY CASES: 88 3,95,048 RECOVERED:2,13,830 | DEATHS: 12,948 TESTS:66,16,496 | DOUBLINGRATE:20.16** TOTAL CASES SURGEIN 24HRS 7-DAYAVG. DOUBLING GROWTH* RATE ** 1,24,331 3,827 2.99% 24.06 26,198 538 2.16% 33.36 ■ Delhi 53,116 3,137 5.37% 13.40 ■ Tamil Nadu 54,449 2,115 4.25% 16.96 7,290 250 2.59% 27.82 13,090 355 3.56% 20.20 KEYSTATES TOWATCH ■ Maharashtra ■ Gujarat ■ Bihar ■ West Bengal * Compounded Daily Growth Rate over last 7 days CONCERN DELHI: More than 3,000 new cases on Friday. Set to overtake Tamil Nadu case load CAUTION ** Calculated over 7-day growth HARYANA: The numbers had been going down, but more than 200 in last two days A GLIMMER TRIPURA: One of the fastest growing not too long ago, growth now below 3 per cent Based on daily data by Centre, ICMR, state governments 80 cases of child marriage stopped, 16 FIRs filed since lockdown enforced SADAF MODAK MUMBAI, JUNE 20 AFTER RECEIVING letters and WhatsApp messages from minor girls seeking help and anonymous alerts from vigilant villagers, the state government and NGOs have intervened to stop as many as 80 instances of child marriages in Maharashtra since the nationwide lockdown was enforced in March. So far, FIRs have been registered in 16 other cases in which the incidents came to light after the marriage ceremonies. According to data collated by the state’s Women and Child Development (WCD) department, a surge is being seen in cases of child marriages due to factors including the lockdown, and the resultant closure of schools, impact on rural economy and lack of financial security and uncertainty over livelihood which has pushed many into poverty. “Most number of cases were reported in Solapur, Buldhana and Aurangabad districts so far with 11, 10 and eight cases respectively so far," said WCD assistant commissioner Manisha Biraris. She added that steps were being taken to study the reasons and to continue to stall such forced marriages through interventions from child marriage prohibition officers and child protection committees across the state. The National Crime Records CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Meet private school principal in Telangana, forced to sell idli on a cart PAGE 1 ANCHOR SREENIVAS JANYALA, SANTOSH SINGH & ABHISHEK ANGAD HYDERABAD, PATNA, RANCHI, JUNE 20 THE PRINCIPAL of a private school in Khammam is running afoodcart,tryingtosellidli,dosa and vada. A Social Science teacher in Ranchi is working on his paddy field. And an English teacher in Nalgonda has started selling insurance policies. The sweeping economic distress triggered by the Covid pandemicandlockdownhaspushed countlessoutofjobs,setoffoneof the biggest reverse migrations in recenttimesandpushedmillions of small businesses to the edge. One of the hardest hit has been private education. In cities and small towns across the country where private schools were seen as a passport to aspiration, teachers are on their knees, with parents unable to pay fees and managements left without money to pay salaries. In most cases, these teachers are the sole breadwinners, which has meant that the distresshasaffectedentirefamilies. And several of them, heading households in cities like Patna and Ranchi, say they don’t have the luxury of packing up and going back to their villages. “If the students do not return to school by July-August, things will get worse for us,” says Vidyasagar,a28-year-oldScience teacher in Bihar’s Shekhpura who is supporting his family with loans and a credit card. “Schools are telling teachers that they cannot pay salaries as studentshavenotpaidfeessince Maragani Rambabu,aprivate schoolprincipal,nowruns a foodcartwithhiswife atSathupalliinKhammam. Express their parents have not got salaries or are out of jobs,’’ says Shabbir Ali, who heads a private schools teachers’ association in Telangana. “What can we do?” asks Sanjay Kumar, who owns Ankur Public School in Danapur near Patna. “We have started online classes but over 70 per cent of parents are still not able to pay thefees.Manydon’thavesmartphones for their children to accesstheonlineclasses.Weareall trying not to sink together.” The Sunday Express tracked down several private school teachers, from north to south — andfound allof themcaught between the Covid distress and their dream of providing a better life for their families. MARAGANIRAMBABU,36 PRINCIPAL,KHAMMAM; SALARY:Rs22,000, NOW:ZERO HewasinchargeofMillenium English Medium School in Telangana’s Khammam till the lockdown was announced and the school management decided thattheydon’tneedaprincipaltill theschoolreopens.Withnoother source of income to support his wife, two children and mother, Rambabu started a food stall when the lockdown was relaxed on June 5. “It felt odd at first... I bought a cart with Rs 2,000, and startedsellingidli,vadaanddosa, along with my wife. At the end of the day, we make a profit of around Rs 200,’’ he says. BADETIRAVI,30 ENGLISH,NALGONDA; SALARY:Rs16,000, NOW:ZERO Ravi was a teacher at Krishnaveni English Medium School in Nakrekal near Nalgonda in Telangana. “The CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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