DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE THE EDITORIAL PAGE COVIDSHOWSCITIES NEEDRETHINK BY NAINA LAL KIDWAI PAGE 10 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY PETITION DISMISSED, COURT SAYS FUND CREATED FOR COVID ASSISTANCE SC clears PM CARES: No transfer to disaster fund, Trust so no CAG audit Two entirely different funds with different object and purpose: Bench ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 As Dhaka holds talks with Beijing, Foreign Secy meets Hasina THE SUPREME Court Tuesday “refused” to order transfer of funds from the PM CARES Fund to the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), saying they “are two entirely different funds with different object and purpose” and “there is no occasion” for such a direction. It also said guidelines specif- ically provide for audit of the NDRF by the Comptroller & Auditor General of India, but PM CARESFund,beingapubliccharitable trust, “there is no occasion for audit by the Comptroller & Auditor General of India”. Dismissing a writ petition filed by NGO Centre for Public Interest Litigation (CPIL), the bench of Justices Ashok Bhushan, R Subhash Reddy and M R Shah said: “The funds CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Maharatnas to navratnas: 38 PSUs give Rs 2,105 crore from CSR to PM CARES SHYAMLAL YADAV NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 MAHARATNAS TO navratnas, energy giants to power majors, 38 PSUs have dipped into their Corporate Social Responsibility fundstotogethercontributeover Rs 2,105 crore to the Prime Minister'sCitizenAssistanceand Relief in Emergency Situations (PM CARES) fund since it was YOUR RIGHT TO KNOW E AN XPRESS RTI APPLICATION launched on March 28, records accessed by The Indian Express under the RTI Act show. The fund, which was set up following the Covid outbreak, NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 COVID-FREE @ 103 Purakkatt Veettil Pareed, 103, a resident of Aluva, leaving the Government Medical College Hospital in Kochi. He was declared Covid-free 20 days after he tested positive. REPORTPAGE9 In absence of data law, ‘NEP got inputs from existing policies to help village pradhan to PM’ guard health ID: Govt EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE PRABHA RAGHAVAN & AASHISH ARYAN PANJIM, AUGUST 18 WEEKS AFTER he criticised the Chief Minister's handling of the Covid crisis, Goa Governor Satya Pal Malik was Tuesday transferred to Meghalaya. The move comes just 10 months after Malik was moved to Goa from J&K following the bifurcation of Indu Bhushan, CEO,National Health Authority NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 IN THE absence of legislation on dataprotection, the government has used existing and proposed laws as well as court judgments tocarve outapolicytosafeguard patient data recorded in the unique digital health ID under the newly launched National Digital Health Mission. Two policies — one to manageandsharepatient databased on their consent, and another to ensure its security — are currently in the process of approvals, according to Dr Indu Bhushan, CEO of the National Weeks after he targeted Goa CM, Governor Malik moved to Meghalaya EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE hada corpus of Rs3,076.62crore on March 31, 2020, of which Rs 3,075.85 crore waslistedas “voluntarycontributions”,according to its official website. The Indian Express sent RTI queries to 55 PSUs and received, untilAugust13,responsesfrom38, whichshowedtheycontributeda total of Rs 2105.38 croree crore over the past five months from budget allocations in 2019-2020 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hong Kong bars Air India flights for rest of August SHUBHAJIT ROY ON A two-day visit to Bangladesh at a time that Dhaka is in talks with Beijing for an almost USD 1 billion loan regarding the Teesta river, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla on Tuesday met Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and discussed “security-related issues of mutual interest”. Sources described their meetingas“excellent”.Receiving her first overseas guest since the Covid-19 pandemic began, Hasina is said to have “greatly appreciated PM Narendra Modi’s gesture in sendingsomeone to touch base and convey how the two sides could take their relationship forward”. Sources said the two sides also discussed proposals tofacilitate travel for business, official and medical reasons. A Joint Consultative Commissionmightmeetsoonto oversee the relationship, especially projects. Both sides emphasised the importance of enhancing connectivity, taking steps for revival of the economy post-Covid, cooperating on measures to fight the pandemic including therapeutics and vaccine, as well as discussed joint commemoration of Mujib Barsho (to mark the birth centenary of Sheikh Mujibur Rehman). Sources said Hasina raised the Rohingya issue and the possibility of their safe repatriation to Myanmar. On Wednesday, Shringla is expected to meet Bangladesh Foreign Minister A K Abdul Momen and Foreign Secretary CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 the state into two Union Territories. Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari has been given additional charge of Goa while Malik is expected to leave for Meghalaya Wednesday morning. “During my tenure in Goa, which was almost 10 months,theexperiencehasbeen nothingbutpleasant,”Maliksaid CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Health Authority (NHA) which will implement the NDHM. Its launch was announced by the Prime Minister in his Independence Day address to the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort. In an interview to The Indian Express, Bhushan said the missionfollowsa“privacybydesign” approach to ensure that standardsfollowedtoprotectpatient CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE WORLD NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 FROMTHEvillagepradhantothe Prime Minister, the nationwide consultation process to create the National Education Policy ensuredeveryone'sparticipation to avoid complaints that it was imposed by a select few, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said at the Express Adda Tuesday. Asked how had he been able to insulate the policy from ideological pressures, Nishank said: “This is the policy of the entire CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WealthPartner BENGALURU, AUGUST 18 PAGE 15 AssociatePartners NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 NATIONALCARRIERAirIndiahas been banned by Hong Kong authorities from flying into Hong Kong airport for two weeks, August 18-31, reportedly for “carrying too many passengers infected with Covid19”. Air India operates flights to Hong Kong under the Vande Bharat Mission and was scheduled to operate special flights from Delhi on August 18, August 21, August 25 and August 28. AnAirIndiaofficialconfirmed that the Hong Kong authorities hadbannedflightsfortwoweeks but did not detail the reasons for the restrictions. The official said the airline would initiate talks with the Hong Kong authorities for lifting the suspension. According to a report by South China Morning Post, the ban came after 11 passengers tested positive for Covid upon landinginHongKongfromDelhi on August 14. “The fact 11 passengers tested positive on the same flight shows the lab tests back in India are not very reliable…The airline has to do deep cleaning (on its planes) and makesureitwon’thappen again on future flights before they can be resumed,” the report said, quotinganunnamedHongKong government source. It said the Prevention and Controlof Disease(Regulationof Cross-boundary Conveyances and Travellers) Regulation was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NIA arrests doctor for IS ‘links’, says assisted it in Syria in 2014 JOHNSON TA MICHELLE OBAMA LEADS CHARGE AGAINST TRUMP PANDEMIC NOW DRIVEN BY YOUNGER ADULTS: W.H.O Ramesh Pokhriyal at the online Express Adda PRANAV MUKUL AN OPHTHALMOLOGIST, who allegedly worked briefly with the Islamic State in Syria in 2014, was arrested by the National Investigation Agency in Bengaluru Monday as part of an investigation into a case registered in March against the Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP) module. Five persons have already beenarrestedinthisconnection. The NIA, with the assistance of Karnataka Police, arrested Abdur Rahman, 28, an ophthalmologist at the MS Ramaiah Hospital in Bengaluru, on the charge of conspiring with Jahanzaib Sami Wani of J&K. Wani and his wife, Hina Bashir Beigh, were arrested earlier by the NIA in New Delhi for allegedly carrying out ISIS activity in India. “During interrogation, arrested accused Abdur Rahman confessed that he was conspiringwithaccusedJahanzaibSami and other Syria-based ISIS operatives on secure messaging platforms to further ISIS activities,'' the NIA said in a statement Tuesday. Rahman from south CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 First right theirs, all govt jobs in MP only for children of state: Chouhan ‘Onlystudentsof statewillbeabsorbed ingovtservices’;moveaheadof bypolls IRAM SIDDIQUE BHOPAL, AUGUST 18 MADHYA PRADESH Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on Tuesday announced that all government jobs will be given onlytothe“children”(bachchon) of the state. He said his government was making the necessary legal provisions for this. “Madhya Pradesh sarkar ne ek mahatvapoorn phaisala kiya hai. Madhya Pradesh ki shaasakeey naukariyaan ab kewal Madhya Pradesh ke bachchon ko hi di jaengee. Iske liye hum aavashyak kanoonipraavadhaankarrahehai. Madhya Pradesh ke sansaadhan Madhya Pradesh ke bachchon ke liye hai,” Chouhan said in a video statement. (“The Madhya Pradesh governmenthastakenanimportant decision. Government jobs in Making legal provisions, says CM Madhya Pradesh will now be given only to the children of Madhya Pradesh. We are making the necessary legal provisions for this. The resources of Madhya Pradesh are for the children of Madhya Pradesh.”) In a tweet addressed to the youth, he said: “Aaj se Madhya Pradeshkesansaadhanoparpehla adhikaar Madhya Pradesh ke bachchon ka hoga. Sabhi shaasakeey naukariyaan sirf Madhya Pradesh ke bachchon ke liye hi aarakshit rahengi.” (“From today, the children of Madhya Pradesh will have the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Courts have earlier struck down job quota based on place of birth APURVA VISHWANATH NEW DELHI, AUGUST 18 THE MADHYA Pradesh government’s decision to give government jobs only to “children” of thestateislikelytotrigger a fresh debate on the fundamental right to equality of citizens. While the Constitution specificallyprohibitsdiscrimination based on place of birth, the Supreme Court has held domicile reservation -- especially in educational institutions – as constitutional. The courts, however, have been averse to extending such reservation to public employment,asitviolatesconstitutional guarantees made to citizens against discrimination. Article 16(2) of the Constitution states that “no citizen shall,ongroundsonlyof religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against, in respect of ● anyemploymentoroffice under the State.” While Chief Minister Shivraj SinghChouhanhasnotgivendetails of the proposal, reservation based solely on place of birth would not pass constitutional CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 E EXPLAINED WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 19, 2020, NEW DELHI, LATE CITY, 18 PAGES TRACKING INDIA’S COVID CURVE RECOVERED: 19,77,779 169 CASES: DAYS SINCE 27,02,742 DEATHS: 51,797 PANDEMIC BEGAN TESTS: 3,09,41,264 | DOUBLING RATE: 28.43** KEYSTATES TOWATCH SURGEIN 7-DAYAVG DOUBLING 24HOURS GROWTH* TIME** TOTAL CASES ■ Maharashtra 6,04,358 8,493 2.04% 35.21 ■ Delhi 1,53,367 787 0.69% 103.97 ■ Tamil Nadu 3,43,945 5,890 1.84% 39.21 ■ Karnataka 2,33,283 6,317 3.58% 20.10 ■ Andhra 2,96,609 6,780 3.35% 21.50 * Compounded Daily Growth Rate over last 7 days ** Calculated over 7-day growth CASE FATALITY RATIO POSITIVITY RATE DAILY IN, DAILY OUT 7 DAYS EARLIER: 7 DAYS EARLIER: DETECTED TODAY NOW: NOW: RECOVERED TODAY: Positives against number tested (in %); indicator of the spread of disease Becoming sick vs recovering; more recoveries for 14 days may signal the peak 1.99 1.92 Deaths as a ratio of positive cases (in %); indicator of progress in averting deaths 8.97 8.74 55,079 57,937 DataasonAugust17,releasedbyUnionMinistryofHealth,ICMRandstates.Oftendailynumbersinclude datafrompreviousdays.Assuch,trendsbasedondailynumbersareindicative,notdefinitive In Covid’s Ground Zero Maharashtra, under-20 account for one in ten cases TABASSUM BARNAGARWALA MUMBAI, AUGUST 18 AS GOVERNMENTS debate when and how to open schools, data collected by the Maharashtra Public Health Departmentshowthatthosebelow the age of 20 account for 11 per cent of the cases in the state but just 0.5 per cent of its Covid deaths were of infected children and teens aged 18 or less. Out of the 5.95 lakh cases of the novel coronavirus infection (including both active and cured/discharged cases) in Maharashtra — which tops the country in absolute case count and number of deaths — over 66,000 have been children and young people up to age 20, the data, arranged age-wise by the state government, show. However, of the 19,830 Covid-19 deaths in the state analysed untilAugust16,just99wereof children and teens aged 18 or below (51 of them aged 0-9). Fifty-two per cent of the deaths were of patients aged 60 or older. The case fatality ratio (CFR) – thenumberof deathsagainstthe number of confirmed cases – in the age group of 18 years or youngeris 0.15per cent,thegovernment data show. That is far lower than the CFR for Maharashtra as a whole (3.35 per cent). India’s overall CFR has beenfallingsteadily evenascase numbers have risen, and stands at 1.92 per cent now. In Maharashtra, those aged below 20 account for 36.07 per cent of the total population as per the 2011 Census. As of August 17, Maharashtra Fatality rate in those below 18 is 0.15 per cent. Deepak Joshi had recorded 23,995 cases of Covid-19 among children under age 10, and 42,529 in the age group 11-20 years, including both active and cured/discharged cases. However, between 1,000 and 1,200 children and young people aged 20 years orlesshavebeentestingpositive every day on average in the state since the beginning of August, the data show. Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has indicated that it may be a while before schools in Maharashtra are allowed to reopen, and has stressed on the promotion of e-learning. “Maharashtra was the first state tostartonlineschooleducation,” Thackeraysaidduring awebinar on August 15 with Dr Shashank JoshiandDrRahulPandit, members of the state’s Covid-19 task force. This had helped control case numbers, he said. Most deaths among children and teens were on account of respiratory failure caused by the virus, the Public Health Department data show. In some cases, children suffered multi-inflammatory syndrome following the infection. There are plans to maintain a separate record of such cases, state Health Department officials said. While comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension are usually not seen in children and teenagers, a survey of 1.8 crore children under the Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram by the state Health Department last year found over 10,000 children in the 0-18 age group had type 1 diabetes mellitus. The surveyed children were from zilla parishad schools, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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