DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA ● REG.NO. MCS/067/2018 - 20 RNI REGN. NO. 1543/57 JOURNALISM OF COURAGE TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 2021, MUMBAI, LATE CITY, 14 PAGES `5.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 PICKUP IN GVA FOR MANUFACTURING, CONSTRUCTION SECTORS ` 86 per kilo ` 114 per kilo ` 140 per kilo ` 72 per Dozen GDP contracts 7.3% in FY21, but uptick in Q4 with push from manufacturing Rise in government spend helps economy fare better than expected ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY NEW DELHI, MAY 31 BEFORETHE secondwave of the Covid-19pandemichitthecountry, India's gross domestic product (GDP) grew 1.6 per cent in the fourth quarter (JanuaryMarch) of 2020-21. This comes on top of a 0.5 per cent growth in the previous OctoberDecember quarter. In January-March last year, the economy had grown 3 per cent. For the full financial year 2020-21, however, the GDP con- tracted 7.3 per cent — a record low. This is nevertheless a marginalimprovementfromtheearlier estimate of 8 per cent contraction in the second advance estimates released in February, largely because of a sharp rise in government expenditure. Theuptickinthefourthquarter was driven mainly by the manufacturing sector even as services remained comparatively sluggish, provisional estimatesof annualnationalincome andquarterlyestimatesreleased by the National Statistical Office (NSO) on Monday showed. The GDP had slipped into a NATIONAL INCOME ESTIMATES INDUSTRY 2019-20 2020-21 Q4 FY21 Q4 FY20 4.3 3.6 3.1 6.8 -2.4 -7.2 6.9 -4.2 1.0 -8.6 14.5 0.7 Trade, hotels, transport 6.4 -18.2 -2.3 5.7 Agriculture, forestry and fishing Manufacturing Construction *All figures in per cent technical recession in the first two quarters of FY21 by contracting 24.4 percent and 7.4 per cent. Sequentially, in absolute Source: NSO, MoSPI terms,apickupwasseeningross value added (GVA) for manufacturing and construction sectors. Manufacturing sector jumped CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Recovery before 2nd wave THE GRADUAL unlockdown since the end of 2020 had spurred business activity. Data suggests that Gross Value Added in Q4, 2020-21, was 3.7 per cent, much higher than 1 per cent in Q3. The impact of the second wave may, however, be felt in Q1, 2021-22. HEARING ON COVID-19 MANAGEMENT Wake up and smell the coffee, let vaccine policy be flexible: SC Bench flags dual pricing, digital divide; Govt says no policy is cast in stone ‘Perfect policy changed under states’ pressure, CMs should appeal to PM’ ANANTHAKRISHNAN G IRAM SIDDIQUE WONDERING IF the mandatory registration requirement on the CoWIN portal for people to accessCOVID-19vaccinesispractical given the digital divide in the country, the Supreme Court Monday asked the government to “wake up and smell the coffee” and ensure that its vaccine policy is flexible enough to accommodate changes to address concerns. The Centre, in reply, said that it is not oblivious to ground realities and since this is a dynamic situation, no policy is cast in stone. It also said it hopes to vaccinate all eligible persons by the end of 2021. Hearing a suo motu matter on issues relating to COVID-19 management, Justice DY Chandrachud, heading a bench that also comprised Justices L Nageswara Rao and S Ravindra Bhat, asked Solicitor General WITHTHEOppositioncriticising the Centre for putting onus on states to procure a big part of their Covid-19 vaccination requirement, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said the Government had a “perfect policy” regarding immunisation, but had to change it under demands from variousstates.He appealed that all chief ministers should“cometogether and approach the Prime Minister to form a centralised policy for Covid vaccination”. “The Prime Minister willalsoconsiderit,”he said, adding that he was willing to talk to the CMs in this regard. Speaking at an Idea Exchange session of The Indian Express, Chouhan said the Centre had found it difficult to NEW DELHI, MAY 31 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BHOPAL, MAY 30 come out with a uniform policy due to the conflicting opinions as well as demands of states, and hence it left vaccine procurement to them. “Chief Ministers should speak to the Central CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 KERALA CM WRITES TO NON-BJP CMs FOR JOINT FRONT ON VACCINES PAGE 7 After 5 years of two-child policy, China lets couples have three SUI-LEE WEE MAY 31 CHINA SAID Monday that it would allow all married couples to have three children, ending a two-child policy that has failed to raise the country’s declining birthrates and avert a demographic crisis. INSIDE BMC ISSUES NEW GUIDELINES VACCINATION FIGURES SURGE IN PVT HOSPITALS, STAGNATE IN GOVT CENTRES PAGE 4 THE WORLD NETANYAHU RIVALS STEP UP PRESSURE TO UNSEAT HIM P12 The announcement by the ruling Communist Party represents an acknowledgment that its limits on reproduction, the world’s toughest, have jeopardised the country’s future. The labour pool is shrinking and the population is greying, threatening the industrial strategy that China has used for decades to emerge from poverty to become PAGE 1 ANCHOR EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, MAY 31 TRIAL RUN BEGINS Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray flags off a trial run for the first phase of Metro Line 2A and 7, at Akruli Metro station on Monday. Express REPORTONPAGE3 Chouhan at the Idea Exchange session an economic powerhouse. But it is far from clear that relaxing the policy further willpay off. People in China have responded coolly to the party’s earlier move, in 2016, to allow couples to have two children. To them, such measures do little to assuage their anxiety over the rising cost of education and of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 After setback in SC, Maharashtra govt extends EWS quota to Marathas Senior BJP leader in UP for ‘feedback’, meets Yogi ministers MAULSHREE SETH LUCKNOW, MAY 31 IN THE first such development since Yogi Adityanath came to power in Uttar Pradesh in 2017, BJP national general secretary (organisation) B L Santhosh on Monday heldone-on-onemeetings with ministers and party leaders in Lucknow, followed by a meeting with the Chief BL Santhosh held meetings with ministers, met CM Minister at his residence. SC: Sedition law needs relook, especially for media EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, MAY 31 RESTRAINING THE Andhra Pradeshpolicefromtakingcoercive action against two TV news channels charged with sedition, the Supreme Court Monday said itisof theviewthatsection124A of the IPC, which deals with the offence, will need interpretation — especially on its application with regard to freedom of the press. “Having heard learned counsel, we are of the view that the ambit and parameters of the provisions of Sections 124A, 153A and 505 of the Indian Penal Code would require interpretation, particularly in the context of the right of the electronic and print media to communicate news, information... even those that may be critical of the prevailing regime in any part of the nation,” a bench headed by Justice D Y Chandrachud ordered. “Till the next date of listing, there shall be a stay on the respondentsadoptinganycoercive proceedings in pursuance of FIR...against the two television channels which arethe petitioners before the Court, namely, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Santhosh's two-day visit to the state comes amidst growing murmurs in the organisation regarding the handling of the Covidsecondsurge, withseveral BJP ministers and MLAs going public about the leadership being irresponsive to the people's woes. The BJP is also stinging from the poor performance in the recent panchayat polls, after the party had itself portrayed CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 UNDERFIREforlosingtheMaratha quota case in the Supreme Court and facing the threat of a massive agitation by the BJP and Maratha groups from June 5, the Maha Vikas Aghadi government on Monday announced that members of the community would be accommodated in the 10 per cent quota for EconomicallyWeakerSections(EWS). However, a Maratha leader panned the order, saying caste groups not covered by reservationswereautomaticallyeligible for EWS quota, and no governmentorderwasrequiredforthis. The order was issued by the General Administration Department of the state government, four weeks after the Supreme Court's May 5 judgment striking down a separate quota for Marathas in jobs and educationthathadbeenenacted by the state government in 2018 as unconstitutional. Sincethen,thestatehasbeen lookingatvariousoptionsforaccommodating the demand for a quotabythepoliticallypowerful and socially dominant community. The EWS category, introduced by the Modi government, isforpoorersectionsof castesnot covered by any quotas. The state order said the Maratha community can avail of this 10 per cent quota. "Only families who have annual income up to Rs 8 lakh can avail of the EWS facility," said PWD Minister Ashok Chavan GAD secretary Kishorraje Nimbalkar. PWDMinisterAshokChavan said, "Earlier, Marathas could eithertakebenefitof SEBCorEWS, now they can take either under EWS or go for open category." Members of the community whose appointments under the now invalid Socially and Educationally Backward Classes quota were pending in the time periodof theSupremeCourt'sinterim stay, from September 9, 2020 to the date of the final order on May 5 this year, would be accommodatedunderthisquota, the order said. At least 6,000 people are expected to benefit. However, it wouldnotbeapplicabletothose whohadalreadybeenappointed undertheSEBCquotainappointments and admissions. The Shiv Sena, NCP and Congress-led MVA government has also extended till June 7 the tenureof theJusticeDilipBhosale Committee, set up to review the top court's May 5 verdict and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Bengal Chief Secy ignores Centre, is appointed Adviser to CM SANTANU CHOWDHURY KOLKATA, MAY 31 AMIDSTTHEtugof warbetween theCentre andWestBengalgovernment over Chief Secretary Alapan Bandyopadhyay being summoned to Delhi, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced that Bandyopadhyay had retired from service on Monday after declining the three-month extension given to him, and had been appointed Chief Adviser to the Chief Minister. Bandyopadhyay,whodidnot CM Mamata Banerjee with Alapan Bandyopadhyay at a meeting in Kolkata on Monday. Express report to the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) after the state government re- fused to relieve him, spent his last day as an IAS officer at the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Covid fallout: Inmates eligible for parole but want to stay on SADAF MODAK MUMBAI, MAY 31 SOME OF them are worried abouthowtheywillsurviveduring the Covid lockdown. Others fear they will become a burden on their families in this difficult time. The rest just want to wrap up their jail time as quickly as possible. All put together, at least 26 convicts lodged in jails across Maharashtrahave refused to applyforemergencyparoledespite being eligible. They are “not interestedin beingtemporarilyreleased”, according to the min- utes of a meeting held in May of a state committee that was formed to recommend steps to decongest jails during Covid. Last month, the Bombay High Court ruled that no prisoner can be compelled to obtain release on temporary bail or emergency parole without their will. “Some of the eligible prisoners have told us that they feel apprehensiveaboutfindingajob or any other forms of livelihood during the lockdown,” a Jail Superintendent told The Indian Express. For instance, a convict in his late30s,hailingfromOdishaand with five years left in a Mumbai jail, told authorities that he fearedbecomingaburdenonhis family. “He toldus that he would rather keep earning wages for his work in prison,” the Superintendent said. Inanothercase,anundertrial released on emergency parole a few months ago surrendered in western Maharashtra last month. “After he surrendered, he called us seeking financial help for his mother,” said Ravindra Vaidya, founder-president of Varhad, which works with convicts in Vidarbha and other areas of Maharashtra. “We have provided dry rations to over 500 prisoners or Mumbai’s Taloja Jail. At least 26 convicts in Maharashtra jails have said they don’t want to be temporarily out. Narendra Waskar their families who were not able tosustainthemselvesduringthe lockdown. Many of them had just been released and were being seen as a liability by their already burdened family members,” Vaidya said. Due to depleting funds since the pandemic began, the outreach for prisoners has also reached its limit, he said. “Wehaveconstantlybeenreceiving calls from prisoners. Many have been seeking jobs, some have not been accepted by their families due to the nature of the crime or were not allowed entry in their villages due to fear of Covid. They were helped with admissionsinshelterhomes,”he said. Since the Covid outbreak last year, when the Supreme Court orderedthedecongestionof jails to ensure pandemic protocols, over 10,000 prisonershave been released on emergency parole and temporary bail from Maharashtra's 46 jails. During the second wave last month, 68 convicts were released on emergency parole, which is not counted as part of the prison term. “Those who have been released from May onwards last year, will have to return and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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