DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FRIDAY, JULY 2, 2021, NEW DELHI, LATE CITY, 18 PAGES STUDY ON ADOLESCENTS ONGOING AN EXPRESS INVESTIGATION PART 4 Zydus Cadila seeks nod for world’s first DNA Covid vaccine Regulator’s high table to company boardroom: India Inc’s prize pickings Says 3-dose ZyCov-D effective against Delta variant; 50 million doses by Dec NEW DELHI, JULY 1 IF INDIA Inc flaunts retired civil servants on its boards as directors,regulatorsareitsprizecatch. Registrar of Companies and Ministry of Corporate Affairs records investigated by The IndianExpressshowthatoverthe last 11 years, at least six heads of top regulatory bodies, and two senior associates, took directorships with private companies within their regulatory domain raising questions of propriety and conflict of interest. In some cases,eventhenormoncoolingoff period was given the go-by. Among top regulators, markets monitor Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has a one-year period before its chairman or whole-time mem- THE IDEAS PAGE RULE OF LAW VS RULE BY LAW BY CJI N V RAMANA PAGE 11 ber can accept other employment after tenure. The Reserve Bank of India also has a coolingoff period of one year for its GovernorandDeputyGovernors. Anti-trust watchdog Competition Commission of India's members cannot accept, for two years after tenure, employmentlinkedtoanenterprise that has been part of proceedings before it. As for Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), the chairperson or whole-timememberscannotaccept employment under Central orStategovernmentsoranycompanyintheinsurancesectorfora period of two years after tenure. Now, consider an illustrative compilation of top regulators, and associates, who have joined boards of companies linked to their regulatory domain: T S Vijayan: Head of IRDAI CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PRABHA RAGHAVAN NEW DELHI, JULY 1 SHEDDING CROCODILE FEARS A crocodile was spotted on a lane in Kogilabana village, in Karwar, Karnataka on Thursday. Forest officials later released it into the nearby Kali river. PTI BY UNNY GOVT & POLITICS NIA COURT DISCHARGES AKHIL GOGOI IN UAPA CASE PAGE 5 WORKING TOWARDS PREVENTING DRONE ATTACKS: ARMY CHIEF PAGE 6 APURVA VISHWANATH KEN MORITSUGU BEIJING, JULY 1 CHINESE PRESIDENT Xi Jinping warned Thursday that anyone who tries to bully China “will face broken heads and bloodshed,”inadefiantspeechhailing the country’s rise that elicited loudcheersfromacarefullychosen crowd at a celebration of the centenary of the founding of the ruling Communist Party. In unusually forceful language, Xi appeared to be hitting back at the US and others that havecriticisedtherisingpower’s trade and technology policies, military expansion and human rights record. In an hour-long speech, he also said the nation must stick to its one-party rule, emphasising the communists’ role in lifting China to global prominence. The rally, which featured a militaryflyoverandpeoplewavingChinese flagsand singingpatriotic songs, in some ways recalled the mass events held by Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing on Thursday. AP MaoZedong,communistChina’s founding leader. Xi even wore a grey buttoned-up suit like the ones favouredbyMaoandspokefrom the same balcony atop Tiananmen Gate where the revolutionary leader declared the start of communist rule in 1949. More than 70,000 people attended Thursday, according to theofficialXinhuaNewsAgency. Xi, who heads the party and is thought to be considering a third term starting next year, received the biggest applause when he said the party had CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE SUPREME Court Thursday dismissedtheCentre’spleaseeking a review of its May 5 ruling that the power to identify Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) lies exclusively with the Central governmentandnotstatesforgranting quota in jobs and education. MUMBAI, JULY 1 COVIDHADleftBankof Baroda's Malad branch manager Pramod Kumar on oxygen support for nine days last year. Seven other colleagues had also got infected, leaving them wary of handling customers. So in April, when a long-term account holder, PAGE 1 ANCHOR ZYCOV-D uses a “plasmid DNA” platform containing a genetically engineered version of a type of DNA molecule that contains the code for the spike protein, which allows the SARSCoV-2 virus to infect cells and cause disease, thereby helping the body build an immune response. EXPLAINED PAGE 13 9 EU COUNTRIES TO ACCEPT COVISHIELD PAGE 5 KAUNAIN SHERIFF M NEW DELHI, JULY 1 PRIME MINISTER Narendra ModionThursdayrequestedthe Indian Medical Association (IMA) to take up “evidencebased studies” on yoga in “mission mode”. With 49 per cent of India's vulnerable population of age 60 and above having been given at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine, the Prime Minister praised doctors — who were the firsttobeadministeredtheshots — for playing a crucial role in encouraging vaccine “enthusiasm and confidence” in the country. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Mahendra Pratap Singh, offered vaccination, Kumar jumped at the opportunity. The vaccination camp was planned at Shivam Hospital for staffers and their family, around 40 people in all, for Rs 800 per shot. At the last minute, the venue for the second dose was shifted to the bank branch office on May 25. Singh and two others arrived that day carrying an ice-box with vials. While they noteddownnamesandAadhaar Shivam Hospital owners Dr Shivraj Pataria and wife Neeta. Express With the review plea dismissed, the Centre can now moveacurativewritpetition,the last legal resort available to remedy a judgment of the Supreme Court, or address the issue through Parliament. A five-judge bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said: “We have gone through the review petition filed against the judgment dated 05.05.2021 in Writ Petition (C) No.938/2020. The grounds taken in the review petition do not fall within the limited ground on which review petition can be considered.” The bench, also comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao, S Abdul Nazeer, Hemant Gupta and S Ravindra Bhat, said: “The various grounds taken in the review petition have already been dealtwithinthemainjudgment. We do not find any sufficient A delegation of leaders from Kargil at North Block, New Delhi, on Thursday. Abhinav Saha CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Valley parties open ED attaches mill properties, links to discussions with it to probe against Ajit Pawar delimitation panel KHUSHBOO NARAYAN MUMBAI, JULY 1 THEENFORCEMENT Directorate (ED) has provisionally attached land, machinery and buildings worthRs65.75croreownedbya cooperative sugar mill in Satara, in a case of alleged fraud related to Maharashtra State Cooperative (MSC) Bank in which the agency had earlier Behind Mumbai fake vaccine scam: a medical association clerk, a hospital picked as centre TABASSUM BARNAGARWALA & JAYPRAKASH S NAIDU CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 E How ZyCov-D ● works PM praises doctors, tells them to take up studies on yoga Xi’s warning: Broken SC rejects Centre’s plea to review heads, bloodshed if ruling against state power on SEBCs bid to bully China NEW DELHI, JULY 1 BUSINESS AS USUAL ZYDUSCADILA,the Ahmedabadheadquartered pharmaceutical company,hasapproachedIndia's top drug regulator for restricted emergencyapprovalforZyCov-D, its three-dose Covid-19 vaccine. If approved for use, this would be the world's first DNA vaccine against Covid-19. The vaccine, which was tested in late-stage human clinical trials involving over 28,000 participants, has been found to have a primary efficacy of 66.6 per cent so far — this means it was able to bring down symptomatic cases of Covid-19 in those who received the vaccine by nearly 67 per cent compared with those who did not receive a vaccine. E X P L A I NE D IRDAI head joins insurance firm boards; RBI Dy Governor moves as bank director KRISHN KAUSHIK, PRANAV MUKUL & SANDEEP SINGH `6.00 (`8 BIHAR & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 numbers of the beneficiaries, no one mentioned Co-WIN. The bankemployeesnoticedthis,but didn't think much about it. The first doubts arose when the 40 received neither their final vaccination certificate nor did their second dose reflect on Co-WIN. Twenty days later, a bank employee noticed a WhatsApp forward about an arrest in a fake vaccination scam; the man was Singh. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Ajit Pawar has declined to comment named NCP supremo Sharad Pawar and Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar. The ED has alleged that the funds used to purchase the co- WORLD operative mill, Jarandeshwar Sahkari Sugar Karkhana, were routed through another sugar mill, which in turn received the money from Sparkling Soil Pvt Ltd. Ajit and wife Sunetra are majority shareholders in Sparkling Soil. The move comes a day after Maharashtra BJP president Chandrakant Patil wrote to UnionHomeMinisterAmitShah CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BENGALURU, JULY 1 TRUMP ORGANISATION CFO SURRENDERS AHEAD OF CHARGES PAGE 14 SRINAGAR, JULY 1 WITH THE Delimitation Commission set to visit Jammu and Kashmir next week, key mainstream political parties in theValleyincludingtheNational Conference and the People’s Conference are likely to participate in the discussions with the Commission, sources told The Indian Express. The Commission is scheduled to visit J&K between July 6 and July 9 and hold discussions withpoliticalparties,public representatives and officials of the UTadministrationforredrawing of boundaries of Assemblyseats. People’s Conference Chairman Sajad Lone said if CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 After HC order, Bengaluru police blur photos, stop naming accused JOHNSON T A AS DELTA VARIANT SURGES, OUTBREAKS IN MANY COUNTRIES NAVEED IQBAL ON JUNE 23, the Central Crime Branch unit of Bengaluru police issued a press release on the arrest of five persons, allegedly involved in peddling drugs to youths in the IT sector, and the seizure of Rs 30 lakh worth of MDMA,LSDandhashish.Therelease did not name the arrested persons. The next day, police issued a pressreleaseonthearrestof two Cameroonians who were allegedly dealing in counterfeit foreign currency and overstaying in India beyond the expiry of their visas. Again, the press release did not name the arrested persons. Over the last fortnight, Bengaluru police have started leaving out names and blurring photographsof arrestedpersons from press releases on account of a June 15 order of the Karnataka High Court, directing police to stop identification of suspects in announcements to the media. During the hearing of a petition, filed by advocate H Nagabhushan Rao against the disclosure of investigation details by police to the media, the HighCourtsaidpoliceshouldnot reveal details of cases before investigations are completed and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Residential schools shut, students home, officials fear Maoist influence GARGI VERMA RAIPUR, JULY 1 KORSA SUKKA, 17, has been home at Sukma in Chhattisgarh now for more than a year. In 2018, he had moved into a 'Pota CabinSchool',36kmfromhisvillage, as part of a government scheme across the state's Naxalhitareastohousechildrencloser to district headquarters. However, since the Covid lockdown, the schools have been shut, and Korsa, who left for homewithouthisbooks,sayshis hopes of returning are dimming every day. Around30,000childrenin60 Pota Cabin Schools (named so becausetheyaremadeof pota or bamboo as it is locally known, and other impermanent material), across Bijapur, Sukma, DantewadaandNarayanpurdistricts, are in a similar situationas Korsa.The scheme wasmeantto bring children from remote and inaccessible areas with few education opportunities to the blockheadquarters,wherethese residential schools, with furnished classrooms and playgrounds, are located. Apart from education, the schemeaimstobringpropernutrition to children housed in these residential quarters. Before the lockdown hit in March last year, half of those enrolled in schools in Dantewada district were in such residential schools, including the ashram schools set up by the government in the 19 tribal districts of the state. "Only 50% of the childrenweredayscholars.Children also lived in tribal hostels, which aredifferentfromashrams,"says a senior district official. The total number of children in residential schools in the state was around two lakh. Officials fear that with these residential schools shut, more than 50,000 children who have ‘Pota Cabin Schools’ were set up for children from remote areas in Naxal-hit areas of Chhattisgarh. Express no access to the Internet have slipped out of the net. "The entire point of them staying at Pota CabinSchoolswasthattheyhave no connectivity in their villages. Some of the senior students come sporadically to check if the schools will open anytime soon, but the younger children have not returned. There are no new admissions either," says a warden in Bijapur. Recently, student bodies held a protest in Koyalibeda block of Kanker, where they claimed that more than 3,000 children in that block alone had dropped out of school since the pandemic began. In Bastar, officials fear that the 50,000-odd children now at home could veer towards Naxals. "They are educated enough to write banners, letters and posters for Maoists and yet youngenoughtobeideologically brainwashed," a senior IPS officerinBastarsays."Duringrecent protests, we have seen a rise of children between the agesof 1618, who are now being used as mouthpieces and shields. Most of themwereenrolledinschools earlier." Security officials believe the Maoists have also strengthened their recruitment networks inside these inaccessible villages amidst the pandemic. "The entirety of 2020 provided Maoists ample time for recruitment. Parentssendtheirchildrenaway from these regions either for gainful employment as farm hands or for education. But the pandemichasforcedthemto return,"saysanofficial,addingthat Maoists are also enrolling the children in the schools run by them that haven't shut. While denying that Maoists had strengthened their recruitment among school-going children, Bastar IG P Sundarraj confirms that a rising number of students are being seen at CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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